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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(6): 484-496
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1006.052


Evolution of Cloacal Bacteria and Fungi in Brahma Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) Fed with Chromolaena odorata Supplement
Pierrette Ngo Bahebeck1, 2, Chouegouong Tuedom Mireille1, Nguemmogue Ghislaine1, Ghomsi Magne Sandra Olivia1, Tamsa Arfao Antoine2, Mama Iréne1,Enamou Mbanga Gatien1, Sulem Yong Nina Nindum1, 2 and Etchu Kingsley Agbor1*
1Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Yaoundé, P.O. BOX 2123 2Laboratory of Hydrobiology and Environment, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, P.O Box 812 Cameroon
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A study was conducted to evaluate the evolution of cloacal bacteria and fungi in Brahma (Gallus gallus domesticus) chickens fed with a Chromolaena odorata supplement. A total of 180 cloacal samples were collected over a 10 weeks period from August to October 2020. Three feed rations (R0, R1 and R2) containing 0, 1 and 2% dried leaves of Chromolaena odorata respectively were tested. Studied microorganisms isolated were total coliforms, Escherichia coli, Salmonella sp., klebsiella sp., yeasts and molds. Bacterial load varied from 10 x104 to 5236 x104 CFU/g for R0, from 64 x104 to 12317 x104 CFU/g for R1 and from 1 x104 to 4292 x104 CFU/g for R2 Whereas fungal load fluctuated between 34 x104 and 3786 x104CFU/g for R0, between 153 x104 and 8988 x104 CFU/g for R1 and between 8 x104 and 18154 x104 CFU/g for R2. This flora was subject to wide temporal fluctuations. The analysis of these results considered the interaction of the different variables (gender, weight and time). Apart from the time factor (weeks) which significantly (p˂0.05) influenced the abundance of Escherichia coli, yeast and mold, no other factor had a significant effect on the evolution of the cloacal microflora of these birds. However, linear relationships between the factors ration, gender, time and weight evolution of microbial cells revealed a significant effect (p˂0.05). This action resulted in an improvement of the feed conversion ratio and an increase in live weight of the studied birds which was most marked for the R1 ration and in males.


Keywords: Chromolaena odorata, cloacal microflora, Gallus gallus domesticus, weight, rations
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How to cite this article:

Pierrette Ngo Bahebeck, Chouegouong Tuedom Mireille, Nguemmogue Ghislaine, Ghomsi Magne Sandra Olivia, Tamsa Arfao Antoine, Mama Iréne, Enamou Mbanga Gatien, Sulem Yong Nina Nindum and Etchu Kingsley Agbor. 2021. Evolution of Cloacal Bacteria and Fungi in Brahma Chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) Fed with Chromolaena odorata Supplement.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(6): 484-496. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1006.052