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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(6): 167-174
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1006.018


Covid-19 and Animals: A Review
Indhu Prathibha*, V. Bhanu Rekha and V. J. Ajay Kumar
Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, River Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Puducherry, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was first reported in China and rapidly spread worldwide. WHO declared this as a pandemic on March 11, 2020. This new virus belongs to the same family of viruses as SARS-CoV associated with civet cats, and MERS-CoV associated with dromedary camels.SARS-CoV-2 is known to infect pet animals, domestic and wild animals in addition to humans. Bats are shown to be the reservoir host and snakes as well as pangolins are suggested to be the intermediate hosts of this virus. Pet dogs and cats have tested positive in various countries. In addition to these animals, lions, tigers, ferrets and minks were also infected. Although it is still not certain that humans can transmit COVID-19 to their pets or other animals, whether mutated SARS-CoV-2 can affect animals, it is recommended to follow some preventive measures and basic animal hygiene. There is no literature proving the transmission of the virus from the infected pets to their owners. However, social distancing needs to be maintained with animals as with humans. By doing so, we can reduce the human as well as zoonotic transmission of SARS-CoV-2.


Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, Bats, Pangolins, Snakes, Dogs, Cats, Minks, Lions, Tigers, Social distancing
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How to cite this article:

Indhu Prathibha, A., V. Bhanu Rekha and Ajay Kumar, V. J. 2021. Covid-19 and Animals: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(6): 167-174. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1006.018