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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(5): 179-187
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1005.024


Agro Waste Amendments in the Management of Alternaria alternata and Meloidogyne incognita Diseases in Ashwagandha
Mullangi Pranitha*, Pillakathupu Gopi Krishna and Sobita Simon
Department of Plant Pathology, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Ashwagandha belongs to the family Solanaceae is an important medicinal plant that is used in the Indian traditional system of medicine ayurveda and unani. An experiment was conducted at the Department of Plant Pathology, SHUATS, Prayagraj and U.P. during 2018-2019 to observe Agro waste amendments in the management of soil borne diseases i.e. Alternaria alternata and Meloidogyne incognita of Ashwagandha. Total seven treatments (viz. Neem leaf, Leaf mold, Vegetable waste, Marigold waste, Fruits waste were taken @ 500 gm were incorporated in 10 kg of soil in the pot and Carbendazim1 kg a.i /ha were used as control. Goat manure @ 250 gm and 2 gm mycelium mat of Alternaria alternata per each pot were applied before incorporation of agro waste in the pots, each treatment were replicated five times. Leaf spot disease intensity caused by Alternaria alternata at 30, 60, 90 DAT under pot condition were recorded. Among the treatments at 30 d.a.i. the percentage disease intensity of A.alternata was significantly reduced in T1-Neem (2.06), T2-Leaf mold(3.53), T4-Marigold waste (3.40),T6-carbendazim(1.67)as compared with T3-Vegetable waste (4.94), T5- Fruit waste (4.97) and control (11.71). Where as (T6,T1, T4, T2) and (T2,T3,T4, T5)are not significantly differ from each other. At 60 d.a.i. percentage disease intensity of A.alternata was significantly reduced in Neem (5.82) and carbendazim (5.7) as compared to other treatments including control. However, Neem and carbendazim are not significant from one another. At 90 d.a.i. percentage disease intensity of A.alternata was significantly reduced in Neem (30.21) and carbendazim (26.56) as compared with T2,T3,T4,T5and T0. Among the treatments (T1, T6), (T1, T4) and (T4,T2,T3,T5) are not significant from each other. The root gall population of Meloidogyne incognita was significantly reduced in Marigold (12.20), Neem (15.0) as compared with other treatments including control. Among the treatments (T6, T3, T2) are not significant from each other but they are significantly reduced the total no. of galls from T5 and control nematode alone.


Keywords: Alternaria alternata, Meloidogyne incognita, Poisoned Food Technique, Agro waste amendments
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How to cite this article:

Mullangi Pranitha, Pillakathupu Gopi Krishna and Sobita Simon. 2021. Agro Waste Amendments in the Management of Alternaria alternata and Meloidogyne incognita Diseases in Ashwagandha.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(5): 179-187. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1005.024