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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(5): 1-9
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1005.001


Survey of Multi-Resistant Bacteria in Waste Water from the Yopougon Hospital and University Center (CHU), The Abattoir of Port-Bouët and the Lagoon Bays of the City of Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire)
Wognin Affou Séraphin1, 2*, Ouattara Mohamed Baguy3, N’goran Kouamé Edouard2 and Guessennd Kouadio Nathalie3
1Department of Microbiology - Biochemistry of the University Peleforo Gon Coulibaly, Korhogo, Côte d'Ivoire
2Department of Microbiology, Ecotoxicology and Radioecology of the Ivorian Anti-Pollution Center, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
3Institut Pasteur, Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Antibiotic resistance has become a global concern due to their excessive use in human and veterinary medicine. The purpose of the study was to determine the level of antibiotic resistance in multi-resistant gram-negative enterobacteria and bacilli isolated from the effluents of the Port-bouët abattoir, the Yopougon Hospital and University Center, and the lagoon bays of the city of Abidjan. It was conducted over the period of January to December 2019. A total of 192 wastewater samples were collected and analyzed at the Microbiology laboratory of ivorian antipollution Center. The antibiogram was performed at the Institut Pasteur of Côte d'Ivoire. The bacteriological analysis allowed the isolation of 34 species of enterobacteria and 19 non-fermentative gram-negative bacilli with a respective predominance of Klebsiella pneumoniae (41.2%) and Aeromonas hydrophila (42.1%). The study also revealed high resistance rates of 50-100% to beta-lactams in enterobacteria and gram-negative bacilli with almost no resistance to imipenem. High resistance has also been observed with some quinolone antibiotics, aminoglycosides, phenicol, fosfomycin and sulfamethoxazole. The presence of multi-resistant bacteria in these effluents represents a real risk for public health.


Keywords: Multi-resistant, effluents, abattoir, lagoon bays
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How to cite this article:

Wognin Affou Séraphin, Ouattara Mohamed Baguy, N’goran Kouamé Edouard and Guessennd Kouadio Nathalie. 2021. Survey of Multi-Resistant Bacteria in Waste Water from the Yopougon Hospital and University Center (CHU), The Abattoir of Port-Bouët and the Lagoon Bays of the City of Abidjan (Côte d'Ivoire).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(5): 1-9. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1005.001