International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 10, Issue:3, March, 2021

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(3): 188-194

Spatial Distribution of Chilli Leaf Curl Virus Disease in Northern Karnataka
Mallikarjun Chirumella1, Mallikarjun Kenganal1*, Y. S. Amaresh1, S. Ashwathnarayana1 and Arunkumar Hosmani2
1Department of Plant Pathology, 2Department of Agricultural Entomology, College of Agriculture, University of Agricultural Sciences, Raichur, India
*Corresponding author

Chilli (genus Capsicum, family Solanaceae) is an important food commodity used as vegetable, spice, medicinal herb and ornamental plant across the world. One of the main constrains hindering its cultivation is leaf curl disease caused by Chilli leaf curl virus (ChiLCV). This is the most devastating virus diseases of chilli in the world. Due to its continuing and rapid spread, leaf curl disease epidemics are observed across the agro climatic regions of India. Information of its distribution, severity, host cultivars and vector abundance helps in determining its management. In the present study, spatial distribution of chilli leaf virus disease in chilli growing North Karnataka is undertaken during 2019-20. Roving survey conducted revealed the incidence of ChiLCV across the region ranging from 2.5 % to 100%. Among the seven districts surveyed, highest average disease incidence of 42.53 per cent was noticed in Gadag district followed by Vijayapura (33.17%), Raichur (32.32%), Bagalkot (30.22%), Yadgir (30.16%), Koppal (29.79%) and lowest in Ballari district (16.74). Varying range of symptoms viz. upward curling, stunted growth, vein thickening and bushy appearance were predominantly recorded during the survey. Vector population was recorded in all the plots visited and was high in severely infested plots. Weeds around the infested chilli plots had virus symptoms, which may shelter the virus and vector during off season. Irrespective of soil types incidence of ChiLCV was found in all the cultivars grown. This information helps in identifying the virus and vector free areas for successful chilli cultivation and also develops suitable and effective chilli leaf curl disease management strategies.

Keywords: Chilli, Survey, Leaf curl virus and Per cent disease incidence

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How to cite this article:

Mallikarjun Chirumella, Mallikarjun Kenganal, Y. S. Amaresh, D. S. Ashwathnarayana and Arunkumar Hosmani. 2021. Spatial Distribution of Chilli Leaf Curl Virus Disease in Northern Karnataka.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(3): 188-194. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.