International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:12, December, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(12): 3188-3196

Performance of Plant Derivatives on Storability of Blackgram Seeds against Callosobruchus chinensis
Parameswari1* and R. Vijayan2
1ICAR- Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Tindivanam, Villupuram District, Tamil Nadu, India
2ICAR- Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Sandhiyur, Salem District, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author

Blackgram seeds are highly vulnerable to pulses beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis) due to its proteinases nature and rapidly affect its quality during storage. Pre-storage seed treatment with insecticides and plant derivatives can effectively utilized for management of this storage pest. In spite of effectiveness of several insecticides in  seed storage, the indiscriminate uses of insecticides imparting more residual toxicity which in turn it affects the non-targeted animals including human being besides affecting quality of seeds. An integrated/ organic protection approach is highly warranted to develop resistance against pulse beetle and it’s highly welcomed by the researcher/ organic lover. Hence, an attempt was made to ascertain effectiveness of bio-pesticides or plant derivatives for maintaining the storability of blackgram seeds. Hence, a laboratory experiment was laid out Completely Randomized Design (CRD) under ambient condition for 12 months storage period with plant derivatives viz., plant (neem, castor, mustard, mahua and olive) oil @ 5 ml/kg, plant powders @ 10 g/kg (turmeric rhizome powder, notchi leaf powder, soapnut seed powder, neem leaf powder, mehendhi leaf powder), wood ash powder (@ 5 g/kg) and neem seed kernel powder (5 g/kg) each separately. Seed quality parameters were observed periodically once at three months interval upto 12 months. The results revealed that blackgram seeds treated with neem oil @ 5 ml / kg of seed have retained better seed quality parameters of 76 percent germination with minimum bruchid infestation (20.6%) at twelve months of storage period.

Keywords: Pulses, Seed storage, Bruchids, Botanicals

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How to cite this article:

Parameswari, K. and Vijayan, R. 2020. Performance of Plant Derivatives on Storability of Blackgram Seeds against Callosobruchus chinensis.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(12): 3188-3196. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.