International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:12, December, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(12): 1868-1876

Critical Investigation of Farm Mechanization Gap in Major Agro-climatic Zones of Tamil Nadu
R. Senthil Kumar, S.J.K. Annamalai and M. Muthamil Selvan
ICAR - Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering, Regional Centre, Coimbatore – 641007, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author

An exploratory research study was carried out to find mechanization gaps, need for equipment refinement and potential demand of farm equipment for the major field of Tamil Nadu. The study covered all the seven agro-climatic zones. Data were collected from twenty four subject matter specialists working in farm mechanization and allied disciplines in 22 KVKs of the state. Four major crops of the state namely paddy, sugarcane, groundnut, and cotton. The present study revealed that operation-wise level of mechanization varies from western zone (42.0%) to north eastern zone (26.0%). It was also evident that paddy crop stood first (53.0%) in status of mechanization in the state while the status of mechanization with respect to remaining major crops was on par and below the state average of 37.4%. Among the field operations seed-bed preparation and tillage stood first in the status of mechanization while status of mechanization with respect to other operations expect post-harvest and value-addition were on par and below the state average (36.2%). All the crops had good scope for mechanization in the areas of post-harvesting and value addition in the state since only 7.9% of operations were mechanized presently. Cotton and groundnut registered lowest percentage (1.3 and 2.5) of mechanization level in harvesting operation which needs more attention. According to Garratt ranking analysis, it could be found that post-harvest mechanization was the highest operation followed by cotton harvester and power weeder. Harvester for groundnut and sugarcane was the next priority followed planter for cotton and sugarcane, as well as rice transplanter.

Keywords: Mechanization gap, Constraints, Field operation, Garratt ranking

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How to cite this article:

Senthil Kumar, R., S.J.K. Annamalai and Muthamil Selvan, M. 2020. Critical Investigation of Farm Mechanization Gap in Major Agro-climatic Zones of Tamil Nadu.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(12): 1868-1876. doi:
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