International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:12, December, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(12): 1640-1646

Group Performance Variables of the Self-Help Groups (SHGs) under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM)
Pratima Rana* and Neelam Bhardwaj
Department of Agricultural Communication, GBPUAT, Pantnagar, U.S. Nagar, Uttarakhand, India
*Corresponding author

The government of India since independence has implemented various programmes to alleviate poverty. The poverty alleviation programmes were classified into self-employment, wage employment, food security and social security programmes and their main focus is on self-employment programmes (Yesudian, 2011). Schemes like Development of Women and Children in Rural Areas (DWACRA), Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP), Supply of Improved Toolkits for Rural Artisans (SITRA) and Training of Rural Youth for Self employment (TRYSEM) were implemented in a row after Community Development Programme (CDP) in 1952. After lots of thinking and introspection of previous schemes, a new philosophy and approach saw the light of the day and Swarn Jayanati Grameen Swarojgar Yojna (SGSY) was restructured as National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), the strategy is to encourage women in rural households to be part of a self-help group. The world’s largest poverty alleviation programme evolved as a national movement in 2011 and became National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM). The three pillar of NRLM includes universal social mobilization, financial inclusion and livelihood enhancement. A study has been undertaken to access the various group analysis variables of the Self-Help Groups (SHGs) in the light of NRLM-Aajeevika in the Uttarakhand state. The data was collected by using appropriate interview schedule in the two districts i.e. Dehradun and Udham Singh Nagar of Uttarakhand state. The group variables under study include group process, participation, task function, maintenance function, group atmosphere and interpersonal trust. The results showed that majority of the women members had medium level of overall group performance followed by 21.07 per cent and 12.17 percent with high and low level of overall group performance respectively.

Keywords: Live lihood enhancement, Universal social mobilization, Financial inclusion

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How to cite this article:

Pratima Rana and Neelam Bhardwaj. 2020. Group Performance Variables of the Self-Help Groups (SHGs) under Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(12): 1640-1646. doi:
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