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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(12): 1404-1409
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.169


Future Outlook of Nanotechnology in Agriculture
Chilkuri Sumeeth Reddy*, Prashanth Kumar Rai, T. Krishna Sai and Ch. Sai Kiran
Dept of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture Technology and Sciences, Prayagraj, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Nanotechnology diversified Agriculture, as this technology concepts can be used from nanobiotechnology applications which will influence at the level of molecular markers to DNA sequencing, food processing, storage, to transport, as nanoparticles carry unique properties and miniature dimension, scientists will have to interfere with the matter at atomic and molecular scale as they fall in a transition zone between individual molecules and bulk materials. Seeds can be coated by Silica, Silver, Gold, Chitosan, within a range of 10 – 100 nm, to provide crop protection by acting as protectants or as a carrier for pesticides or other actives, that too a controlled release of Agrochemicals and target specific action, low water soluble insecticides require organic solvents to help solubilise the pesticide which is toxic to the ecosystem as an alternative nanoparticles can be used, thus improving solubility and reducing toxicity. To initiate the Nanoparticles experimental protocol Scientists have synthesised ZNO, CuO, Ag nanoparticles and applied to Fodder Sorghum and Cowpea at TNAU Coimbatore to assess the seed germination and seed health, all of them improved the germination percentage as compared to control. Effect of Nanoparticles was concentration dependant hence at higher doses of TiO2 in sorghum enhanced the germination, ZnO and CuO improved the root/shoot ratio in sorghum. In case of cowpea, ZnO and CuO nanoparticles show significant influence on root/shoot ratio. Ag Nanoparticles act as a strong antimicrobial agents, apart from that nanobiosensors can also be used for tracking the plants moisture content, temperature, RH, and also we can have a closer look of the host-parasitic interaction at molecular level .Some of the hurdles include, soil interaction, toxicity, eco-toxicological implications, formation of free radicals leading to DNA damage.


Keywords: Atomic & Molecular scale, Toxicity, Soil interaction, DNA damage, eco-toxicological implications
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How to cite this article:

Chilkuri Sumeeth Reddy, Prashanth Kumar Rai, T. Krishna Sai and Sai Kiran, Ch. 2020. Future Outlook of Nanotechnology in Agriculture.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(12): 1404-1409. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.912.169