International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:11, November, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(11): 2506-2516

A Review of Biodegradation as a Panacea for Palm Oil Mill Effluents (POME) Pollution
Grace M. Adegbola1, Adekunle O. Adeoye1 and Simeon K. Olatunde2*
1Department of Food science and Engineering Technology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria
2Department of Pure and Applied Biology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo state, Nigeria
*Corresponding author

The wastewater generated from sterilization, condensation and hydrocycloning of palm oil fruits during milling activities is referred to as Palm oil mill effluent (POME). It shows the presence of residue oil and suspended solids, due to its high biological oxygen demand (BOD), low pH and colloidal nature, its potentials to pollute both ecological niches have been attributed to the most intricate environmental turmoil for the 21st century. Currently, the penetration of palm oil mill effluents into the waterways and ecosystems has been considered a meticulous concern towards the food chain interference and water consumption. However, by the virtue of both anaerobic and aerobic biological treatment, some variety of microorganisms have been investigated to be capable of POME biodegradation, with the sole aim of providing a solution to environmental pollution problems, this is rapidly growing in recent decades where POME hydrocarbons and its derivatives are concerned. Organisms that have been successfully reported to be capable of degrading these hydrocarbons include Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Alcaligenes, Acinetobacter iwoffi, Flavobacterium sp., Aspergillus sp., and Rhizopus. Therefore, this article presents a characteristic review of POME pollution with new and emerging biodegradation potentials as a panacea to global issues plaguing our ecological niches, major limitations together with the future expectation are summarized and discussed.

Keywords: Biodegradation, Environmental, Microorganisms, Palm Oil Mill Effluent, Pollution

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How to cite this article:

Grace M. Adegbola, Adekunle O. Adeoye and Simeon K. Olatunde. 2020. A Review of Biodegradation as a Panacea for Palm Oil Mill Effluents (POME) Pollution.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(11): 2506-2516. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.