International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2022 - IJCMAS--ICV 2022: 95.28 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020] For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues
Download Publication Certificate

Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:11, November, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(11): 1971-1977

Synonymous Codon Usage Bias Factors Affecting Chloroplast Genome of Grape Wine Vitis vinifera
Farshad Talat1 and S.S. Udikeri2*
1Seed and Plant Improvement Research Department, West Azarbaijan Agricultural and Natural Resources Research and Education Center, AREEO, Urmia, Iran
2University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, India
*Corresponding author

In order to optimize protein production in expression systems, analysis of codon usage patterns is very important. In this regard, chloroplast has special importance due to its small size and high copy number of genome. Vitis vinifera is the most important fruit species in the modern world. In this research, the complete nucleotide sequence of the chloroplast genome in Vitis vinifera was studied, and then analyzed using CodonW software. Correspondence analysis and method of effective number of codon as Nc-plot were conducted to analyze synonymous codon usage. According to the corresponding analysis, codon bias in the chloroplast genome of Vitis vinifera is related to their gene length, mutation bias, gene hydropathy level of each protein, gene function and selection or gene expression only subtly affect codon usage. This study provides insights into the molecular evolution studies.

Keywords: Vitis, Chloroplast, Codon

Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Farshad Talat and Udikeri, S.S. 2020. Synonymous Codon Usage Bias Factors Affecting Chloroplast Genome of Grape Wine Vitis vinifera.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(11): 1971-1977. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.