International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:11, November, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(11): 1650-1666

Exploring Physiological and Biochemical Factors Governing Plant Pathogen Interaction: A Review
Rohit Chhabra1*, Simardeep Kaur2, Lavanya Vij1 and Kompal Gaur1
1Department of Botany, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India
2Division of Biochemistry, ICAR- Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India
*Corresponding author

Pathogen attack generates the stress full conditions which disrupts the host metabolic machinery causing an oxidative burst in plants and leads to the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). These molecules are responsible for all the metabolic changes occurring in host plant and alter the DNA, carbohydrates, lipids, sugar and protein content. In this review, we have discussed the various physiological and biochemical components that assist the plant in imparting resistance and along with the role of phytohormones viz., jasmonic acid, salicylic acid and abscisic acid during plant pathogen interaction. We have also emphasized on production of ROS by stressed plants and involvement of plant growth regulators, antioxidative and non-oxidative components, sugars, pathogenesis-related proteins, secondary metabolites and lignins in providing resistance to the plants against the damaging effects of pathogens. Thus, we can conclude that this review provides the critical information on understanding various physiological and biochemical factors that assist the plants in adapting under stressed conditions.

Keywords: Antioxidants, Enzymes, Plant growth regulators, Reactive oxygen species, Secondary metabolites

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How to cite this article:

Rohit Chhabra, Simardeep Kaur, Lavanya Vij and Kompal Gaur. 2020. Exploring Physiological and Biochemical Factors Governing Plant Pathogen Interaction: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(11): 1650-1666. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.