International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:11, November, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(11): 1166-1176

Prevalence of Haemoparasites of Cattle in Four Districts of Assam, India and Bordering Bhutan
Dipanjali Mushahary, Kanta Bhattacharjee*, Prabhat Chandra Sarmah and Dilip Kumar Deka
Department of Parasitology, College of Veterinary Science, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati, India
*Corresponding author

The present investigation was done for one year to record the prevalence of haemoparasite species in crossbred and domestic cattle along the four Indo-Bhutan border districts of Assam. Microscopic examination of blood smears from 533 cattle resulted in overall prevalence of 67.35% and detection of three species, viz. Theileria orientalis (62.85%), Babesia bigemina (2.62%) and Anaplasma marginale (1.87%). Infection was found higher in crossbred (75.32%) than in indigenous cattle (66.00%), which was statistically highly significant (P<0.01).  Age wise, prevalence of haemoparasites were found highest in adult cattle >3 years (80.42%) followed by young (68.11%) and lowest in calves (54.85%). Breed wise, higher prevalence was recorded in crossbred (75.32%) than in indigenous cattle (66.00%). Sex wise, females revealed higher prevalence of haemoparasites (74.02%) than the male counterpart (58.22%). Cattle and other animals are being regularly traded across the porous Indo-Bhutan border areas. However, there is no record on the haemoparasitic diseases prevailing in the border districts. The various factors related to prevalence of haemoparasite species of cattle in these areas are discussed.

Keywords: Cattle, Haemoprotozoan, Theileria orientalis, Babesia bigemina, Anaplasma marginale, Bhutan, Blood smear

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How to cite this article:

Dipanjali Mushahary, Kanta Bhattacharjee, Prabhat Chandra Sarmah and Dilip Kumar Deka. 2020. Prevalence of Haemoparasites of Cattle in Four Districts of Assam, India and Bordering Bhutan.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(11): 1166-1176. doi:
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