International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:11, November, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(11): 106-117

Prevalence of Diabetes in Rural and Urban Population of Ludhiana (Punjab)
Karmjeet Kaur1*, Harpreet Kaur1, Kiran Bains1, Jaswinder K. Brar1, Amarjeet Kaur2, Amrit Kaur3 and Davinder Singh4
1Department of Food and Nutrition,
2Department of Food Science and Technology,
3Department of Maths, Stat and Physics,
4Department of Extension Education, Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India
*Corresponding author

There is a noticeable increase in the number of individuals affected with diabetes mellitus and the trend is scheduled to grow in geometric proportions in the next couple of decades. The study was conducted to assess the prevalence of diabetes in Ludhiana district. The Information was collected through personal interview schedule using the especially structured schedule. The entire data was collected from 2014-2018. Fasting blood glucose was checked using standard methods. It was found that out of 880 total subjects, prevalence rate of diabetes was significantly higher among urban subjects (45 %) as compared to rural subjects (38 %). Significantly higher percentage of urban men had diabetes (51 %) as compared to rural men (37 %) while 39 per cent rural and 38 % urban women had diabetes. Fasting blood glucose levels among rural and urban men ranged from 66-463 and 61-362 mg/dl with mean value of 135.22 and 140.57 mg/dl, respectively. The corresponding values in case of women were 60-431 and 64-388mg/dl with mean value of 136.85 and 132.11mg/dl, respectively. The study concluded that the prevalence rate of diabetes was significantly higher among urban subjects (45 per cent) as compared to rural subjects (38 per cent) whereas the mean fasting blood glucose levels of rural diabetic and non-diabetic subjects were significantly higher as compared to urban subjects.

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes mellitus, Prevalence, Fasting blood glucose, Rural, Urban

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How to cite this article:

Karmjeet Kaur, Harpreet Kaur, Kiran Bains, Jaswinder K. Brar, Amarjeet Kaur, Amrit Kaur and Davinder Singh. 2020. Prevalence of Diabetes in Rural and Urban Population of Ludhiana (Punjab).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(11): 106-117. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.