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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(10): 3675-3690
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.425


Physicochemical and Thermal Characteristics of Pine Needle Biochar Briquetted Fuel using Soil, Lime and Cement as a Binder
Akanksha Kumain1*, T. K. Bhattacharya2 and Hemant Kumar Sharma2
Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering College of Technology, GBPUA&T, Pantnagar, U.S. Nagar-263145, Uttarakhand, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A large population of rural or hills of Uttarakhand is still facing the energy crisis in the household as well as for small and medium scale industries due to insufficient supply of fuel and electricity. The supply of coal and LPG is irregular for far-flung areas which make them bound to depend solely on wood for fuel. Therefore, a study was undertaken to evaluate the physical and thermal properties of pine needle biochar briquettes to check its feasibility as sustainable solid biofuel for the hills of Uttarakhand. Pine needle biomass was collected from the pine forest and converted into biochar. Further, biochar was mixed with three binders i.e. soil, cement and lime in different ratio on weight basis briquettes were formed using screw type briquetting machine. The physicochemical and thermal properties of briquettes were evaluated. The highest density of biochar briquettes was found to be 435.58 kg m-3 for ratio B50:C50 which comprise equal percentage 50% of biochar and cement as binder. The biochar binder ratio B50:L50 (biochar with lime) has the highest shattering resistance of 90.6 %. Pine needle biochar briquetting can be a solution by providing alternative household solid fuel replacing wood and coal which will help to save the environment by reducing the deforestation and fire hazard.


Keywords: Pine needle, Biochar, Briquettes, Briquetting machine, Proximate analysis
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How to cite this article:

Akanksha Kumain, T. K. Bhattacharya and Hemant Kumar Sharma 2020. Physicochemical and Thermal Characteristics of Pine Needle Biochar Briquetted Fuel using Soil, Lime and Cement as a Binder.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(10): 3675-3690. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.910.425