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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 1111-1121
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.122


An Observational Study on Infectious Etiology of Hypo and Hyper Pigmented Macular Lesions in the Skin in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Rizwanasheik, J. Manonmoney* and K. V. Leela
SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Kattankulathur – 603203, Kancheepuram District, Tamilnadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Melanin pigment is a complex, brown – black polymer. Excessive pigmentation is known as hyper pigmentation and decreased pigmentation is known as hypopigmentation. Genetic and severe environmental conditions can cause melanin disruption. Dermatophytic infections were characterized by hypo pigmentation and hyper pigmentation macules. The present study aims to identify the infectious aetiology of hypo pigmented and hyper pigmented macular lesions in the skin other than Leprosy using conventional techniques among patients attending a tertiary care hospital. This is an observational study approved by Institutional ethical committee Skin scrapings were collected under strict aseptic precautions as per standard protocol. Potassium hydroxide preparation-KOH mount made and observed under microscopy. The KOH positive samples are cultured in Dermatophyte Test Medium and Sabourauds Dextrose Agar. A total of 120 samples were collected, out of which 56(46%) were KOH positive and 64(54%) were negative In this study the overall prevalence rate of dermatophytic infection was highest among males 35(64%) and  in females 19(35%). It is important toidentify the causes and treat them appropriately to reduce the psychosocial stress of patients with pigmentary disorder.


Keywords: Hypopigmentation,Hyper pigmentation, Macular lesions, Malassezia, Dermatophyte test medium (DTM)
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How to cite this article:

Rizwanasheik, J. Manonmoney and Leela, K. V. 2020. An Observational Study on Infectious Etiology of Hypo and Hyper Pigmented Macular Lesions in the Skin in a Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 1111-1121. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.122