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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(8): 1024-1034
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.112


Risk of Salmonella in Various Poultry Farming and Processing Operations around Mumbai, India
Rupesh Waghamare1*, Ashish Paturkar2, Vilas Vaidya2, Ravindra Zende2,Milind Chavak3 and Santosh Moregaonkar1
1College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Parbhani Maharashtra, India
2Department of Veterinary Public Health, Mumbai Veterinary College, Parel, Mumbai Maharashtra, India Maharashtra, India
3Poultry Diagnostic and Research Centre Venkateshwara Hatcheries Pvt. Ltd Pune, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Shift in the process of traditional poultry supply chain to vertical integration has developed way for poultry meat availability in India, but there is food-borne risk for human health by contamination with Salmonella spp. Therefore, the present research work was planned to study risk of Salmonella spp. in chicken meat production. Samples (n=684) were collected from farms (non-integrated and integrated) and processing units (semi-automated and automated) located around Mumbai, India and subjected to Salmonella spp. detection. Isolation of Salmonella spp. was carried out following IS 5887. The obtained isolates were subjected to identification biochemical tests, PCR testing for specific Salmonella spp. gene (invA) and serological identification. The results indicate that, over all occurrences of Salmonella spp. in farming and processing system were 6.70% and 7.53%, respectively. Higher isolation rate was observed (p<0.05) amongst various farms and processing units. Positive sample frequencies of Salmonella spp. found higher in litter (20.83%), faeces (10.41%), de-feathering (16.66%) and evisceration (25.00%). Amongst environmental samples of processing unit, knife (16.66%) and evisceration workers hands (12.50%) found to be major cross contaminating risk points. The results highlighted relevance of farm and processing level contamination for Salmonella spp. Therefore, it is essential to apply multiple interventions like, sourcing of Salmonella free chicks, litter management at farm, HACCP plan at the processing stages, use of chlorine wash and systematic cleaning or sanitation programs to avoid cross contamination.


Keywords:

Salmonella serotypes, Poultry farms, Litter, Poultry processing stages, Evisceration

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How to cite this article:

Rupesh Waghamare, Ashish Paturkar, Vilas Vaidya, Ravindra Zende, Milind Chavak and Santosh Moregaonkar. 2020. Risk of Salmonella in Various Poultry Farming and Processing Operations around Mumbai, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(8): 1024-1034. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.908.112