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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 3958-3970
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.465


A Review on the Impact of Abiotic Stress on Plant Growth and Crop Production
Deepak Kochar*, Sushil and Rahul
Department of Soil Science, C.C.S. Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar (Haryana), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Abiotic stress includes extreme temperature, salinity, drought, waterlogging, etc. highly influenced the plant growth in affected area. Abiotic stress reduced the development of plant which ultimately results in reduction in yield. Agricultural crops are highly influenced by abiotic stress which is due to the continue change of climate and deterioration of environment caused by human activity. Plants activities such as photosynthesis, flowering, pollination, transpiration, etc. affected by different abiotic stress experienced by plants at these stages. High temperature results in increase in transpiration rate which cause water stress in plant cell. Similarly, high salt condition in the root zone affects the osmotic potential of plant root cell which results in exosmosises in plant root cell. Waterlogging condition decreases the respiration rate of roots and produces methane gas which is a major gas responsible for climate change. However, to overcome the effects of abiotic stress, plant has developed a number of physiological and cellular changes in their life mechanism. Also, efficient resource management helps in reducing the impact of these abiotic stresses on crop. However, these management practices being long drawn and cost effectives, there is a need to develop simple and low cost strategies for abiotic stress management.


Keywords: Abiotic stress, High temperature, Photosynthesis, Transpiration, Cellular changes, etc.
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How to cite this article:

Deepak Kochar, Sushil and Rahul. 2020. A Review on the Impact of Abiotic Stress on Plant Growth and Crop Production.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 3958-3970. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.465