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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 3813-3823
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.446


Deciphering the Genetics of Some Important Grain Yield traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell)
Kuldeep Nagar1*, Swati2, Richa Dhyani2 and Deepayan Roy2
1Division of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Rajasthan Agricultural Research Institute, Durgapura (Jaipur)-302018, India
2Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar- 263145 (Uttarakhand), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The bread wheat is one of the most important crop providing one-fifth of total calories for world’s population. Growth in population is increasing the demand for wheat. Wheat breeders have been concentrated on development of HYV’s (High yielding varieties) which required genetic information (mode of inheritance and gene action parameters of yield components) of parental population. For this purpose diallel analysis used. This experiment was carried out with seven wheat genotypes (Triticum aestivumL.) viz- HD3159, WAXWING/ /INQALAB91*2/KUKUNA/3/WBLL1*2/ TUKURU/ 8, TACUPETO F2001/ BRAMBLING/ 5/NAC/ TH.AC/ /3*PVN /3/ MIRLO, CROC-1 /AE.SQUARROSA, PASTOR/ / HXL7573/2*BAU /3/ WBLL1/ 6/ MTRWA92.161/ PRINIA/5, WH1080 and PBW660, were used as parents for 7 × 7 half-diallel analysis to estimate General Combining Ability (GCA) and Specific Combining Ability (SCA) variances and effects. Genetic analysis indicated that additive variation and non-additive components of genetic variation included dominance and epistatis type gene action and involved in inheritance of all the characters under study. Magnitude of fixable(GCA) components was considerably higher than non fixable component additive variance for all the characters except number of grains per spike representing the predominance of additive gene action. The parents CROC-1/AE.SQUARROSA and TACUPETO F2001/BRAMBLING/5/NAC/TH.AC//3*PVN/3/MIRLO found to be good general combiners for grain yield per plant and most of its component characters and were one of the parents in most of the best specific cross combinations. The WAXWING/ /INQALAB91* 2/KUKUNA /3 / WBLL1 *2/ TUKURU/8 × PASTOR/ /HXL7573 /2*BAU /3 /WBLL1/6/ MTRWA92.161/ PRINIA/5(12.293) and TACUPETO F2001 /BRAMBLING/5 /NAC /TH.AC / /3*PVN/3/ MIRLO × PBW660 (10.249) were the best cross combinations for yield and most of its components. In view of parallel role of both additive and non-additive genetic effects determining the inheritance of different characters, utilization of these variabilty by using biparental mating scheme is suggested.


Keywords: Biparental mating, Diallel, GCA,SCA and Triticum aestivum
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How to cite this article:

Kuldeep Nagar, Swati, Richa Dhyani and Deepayan Roy. 2020. Deciphering the Genetics of Some Important Grain Yield traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L. em. Thell).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 3813-3823. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.446