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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 2676-2683
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.315


Effect of Environmental Factors on Growth Performance of Murrah Buffalo Heifers
V. Boopathi1*, Shiv Prasad2, A. Kumaresan3, A. Manimaranand M. Arul Prakash4
1Department of Livestock Production Management, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal-637002, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (TANUVAS), Tamil Nadu
2Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Krishi Bhavan, New Delhi
3ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Southern Regional Station, Bangalore, India
4Department of Livestock Production Management, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Orathandu, Tanjore, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (TANUVAS), Tamil Nadu
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Live body weight data from 288 Murrah buffalo female calves maintained at the Livestock Research Center, Karnal, Haryana, India, born in the period between 2000 and 2009 were used for this study. Data were analysed using least-squares procedures. The overall mean for birth weight of Murrah buffalo female calves was 32.32±0.31Kg.The mean body weight at 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th , 15th , 18th , 24th , 30th and 36th months of age pooled over season, periods and birth weight were 65.0 ± 0.51, 108.78 ± 0.97, 139.07±1.43, 174.82±1.80, 211.20±2.20, 255.21±2.30, 338.39±2.56, 405.75±3.29 and 470.50 ± 3.87 kg, respectively. The overall mean values of body weight at sexual maturity and weight at first calving of Murrah buffaloes were 413.60±3.68 Kg and 569.60±5.13Kg. Period of calving influenced the weight significantly almost all month of ages in this study. The calves born during the summer season were generally heavier and gained more body weight than those born in other seasons. Birth weight of calves influenced the body weight significantly at 3rd, 18th months of age only and also influences the weight at sexual maturity and weight at first calving. The phenotypic parameter estimates indicated that the more than 6th month of body weights can be used as a selection tool for improvement of growth traits considering its highly positive phenotypic correlations with succeeding growth traits.


Keywords: Murrah buffaloes, Period, Season, Body weight, Age
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How to cite this article:

Boopathi, V., Shiv Prasad, A. Kumaresan, A. Manimaran and Arul Prakash, M. 2020. Effect of Environmental Factors on Growth Performance of Murrah Buffalo Heifers.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 2676-2683. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.907.315