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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 3737-3745
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.441


Effect of Zero Tillage and Analysing the Performance of Six Different Cultivars of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)
Mamta1, Mizanul Haque1*, Nitu Kumari2, Manish Kumar3, Ashwini Kumar4 and Pooja Kumari4 
1Department of Agronomy, Bihar Agricultural College, Sabour, Bihar, India
2Department of Horticulture, V.K.S. College of Agriculture, Dumraon, Buxar, India
 3Department of Entomology, Bihar Agricultural College, Sabour, Bihar, India
4Department of Horticulture (Fruit & Fruit Tech.), Bihar Agricultural College, Sabour, Bihar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Sowing of wheat in left optimum moisture through zero tillage technology not only provides a good germination but also improves the soil fertility, soil physical properties and saves time hence increases net return on sustained basis. It causes minimal disturbance of soil structure and texture ultimately increases size of soil aggregates. In the present experimental study, genotypes and tillage effect was observed. The investigation was done with six different genotypes and two different tillage operation. Zero-tillage decreases the cost of production and saves time for sowing of wheat as compared to conventional tillage. Content of NPK in grains under zero tillage was N (1.44%), P (0.46%), and K (0.28%), while that of conventional tillage NPK content in grains was N (1.44%), P (0.45%), and K (0.28%). The minimum tillage and direct drilling system is energy and cost saving and environmental friendly reducing the soil pollution as compared to conventional tillage practices. In case of conventional tillage system thermal conductivity, bulk density and compaction of soil increases due to use of heavy agricultural machinery which reduces infiltration rate, soil porosity and plant growth. Among the six various cultivars (BRW 3708, CBW 38, DBW 39, HD 2967, HD 2733, K 0307), the best result was observed in BRW 3708 in terms of nutrient uptake in grains (kg/ha) as well as in nutrient uptake in straw (kg/ha). Zero tillage is superior over conventional tillage because higher yield were recorded on zero tillage farms than that of conventional tillage wheat farms in addition to its edge of eco-friendly practice.


Keywords: Conventional tillage (CT), Zero tillage (ZT), Genotypes
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How to cite this article:

Mamta, Mizanul Haque, Nitu Kumari, Manish Kumar, Ashwini Kumar and Pooja Kumari. 2020. Effect of Zero Tillage and Analysing the Performance of Six Different Cultivars of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 3737-3745. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.441