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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 2994-3005
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.360


Bridging Yield Gaps through Pheromone based Integrated Management of Tephritid Fruit Flies in Tomato, Solanum lycopersicum L.
Pankaj Sood*, D. S. Yadav, L. K. Sharma, Shakuntla Rahi and Kavita Sharma
CSKHPKV, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Mandi Himachal Pradesh-175019, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Fruit flies belonging to family Tephritidae have in the recent past caused serious economic losses in tomato crop in mid and low hills of Himachal Pradesh. The avoidable yield losses and fruit damage by fruit flies in tomato were 17.89 and 9.1 percent, respectively. Bactrocera (Zeugodacus) scutellaris was the most predominant species followed by B. (Z.) tau and B. (Z.) cucurbitae in Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh. In the on farm trials male annihilation using mixed lure traps+ bait application was found most effective treatment for fruit fly management recording highest net returns and BC ratio of Rs. 149480/ ha and 4.32, respectively. Pooled data of front line demonstrations for five crop seasons from 2014-2018 for area wide integrated management of fruit flies were found effective in reducing the fruit damage due to fruit flies by 19.98 percent and increased yield by 19.35 percent. The technology and extension gap of demonstrated technology was 106.98q/ha and 31.65q/ha, respectively which require further address by suitable research and extension techniques. Demonstrated technology not only convinced the farmers for using trapping as an integral component of fruit fly IPM but also resulted in reducing the pesticide load as evident by sale of more than 50000 fruit fly traps and reduction in pesticidal applications.


Keywords: Fruit fly, Pheromone traps, Tomato, Yield gaps
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How to cite this article:

Pankaj Sood, D. S. Yadav, L. K. Sharma, Shakuntla Rahi and Kavita Sharma. 2020. Bridging Yield Gaps through Pheromone based Integrated Management of Tephritid Fruit Flies in Tomato, Solanum lycopersicum L.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 2994-3005. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.360