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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 903-911
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.113


Management of Fungi, Pythium aphanidermatum Causing Rhizome Rot Disease of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rose) in Southern Rajasthan, India
D. K. Jain1*, Hemant Swami2 and R. K. Gangwar3
1SMS, Plant Protection, KVK, Udaipur, Rajasthan-313011, India
2RCA, MPUAT, Udaipur, Rajasthan-313011, India
3Main Rice Research Station, AAU, Nawagam, Kheda (Gujarat), 387540
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The Field experiments to evaluate the bio efficacy of available market ready fungicides combinations (NATIVO, SAAF, RIDOMIL) and combinations of fungicide viz: Copperoxycloride, Carbendazim, Mencozeb, chloropyriphos (Insecticide), Streptocycline (Bactericide) along with bio control agents (T. viride) was conducted at Talai village of Jhadol block of Udaipur district during year 2016-17 and 2017-18 to find out an effective control measure against rhizome rot (Pythium aphanidermatum) disease of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rose). The pooled results of two year shows that all the treatments significantly proved superior in decreasing the incidence and severity of the diseases and increasing the germination, tiller number and rhizome yield. The treatment(T8) comprising of Soil treatment with Trichoderma viridae (3kg / 100 kg FYM) + Seed treatment (Carbendazim 50% WP, 2 gm /kg + Chloropyriphos 20 % EC 1 ml/ kg seed + Streptocyclin 6 gm/20 kg seed ) + Soil drenching with Ridomil gold (Mancozeb 64 % + Metalaxyl 4 %WP 2m per litre) and finally seed stored with treatment with (Carbendazim 50% WP 2 gm/kg seed + Chloropyriphos 20 % EC 1 ml/kg seed for next season) proved most effective, which gave 84.23% mean germination, 17.73 mean number of tillers/plant, 16.28 % mean plant infected and mean yield 14.01 t/h during year 2016-17 and 2017-18.It was followed by treatment (T6), consisting of Seed treatment (Carbendazim 50% WP 2 gm / kg + Chloropyriphos 20 % EC 1 ml / kg) + Soil drenching with SAAF (Carbendazim 12 % + Mancozeb 63 % WP) @ 2 gm/lit which gave 81.79 % mean germination, 16.33 mean number of tillers/plant, 20.13% mean plant infected and mean yield 12.98 t/ha., during years 2016-17 and 2017-18 The treatment (T7) consisting of Soil treatment with Trichoderma viridae (3kg / 100 kg FYM) + Seed treatment (with Trichoderma viridae (20 g / kg seed)+ Soil drenching with Bio-cure (Trichoderma viridae 10 ml/litre water ) proved least effective with minimum 64.18 % mean germination, 13.26 mean number of tillers/plant, 31.68 % mean plant infected and mean yield 7.78 t/ha.All the treatments were found significantly effective over to manage the rhizome rot diseases and ginger yield.


Keywords: Rhizome rot, Pythium aphanidermatum. Fungicides, control, Trichoderma
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How to cite this article:

Jain. D. K., Hemant Swami and Gangwar, R. K. 2020. Management of Fungi, Pythium aphanidermatum Causing Rhizome Rot Disease of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rose) in Southern Rajasthan, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 903-911. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.113