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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 2161-2169
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.264


Growth and Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties as Influenced by Different Sowing Dates under Bastar Plateau Zone of Chhattisgarh
Anil Kumar Netam1*, Upendra Kumar Nag2 and Chainu Ram Netam3
1AICRP on IFS – On Farm Research, IGKV, Krishi Vigyan Kendra,Kanker, Chhattisgarh, India
2IGKV, Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kanker, Chhattisgarh, India,
3IGKV, College of Agriculture & Research Station, Marra, Chhattisgarh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted during the Rabi season of 2016-17, at the Instructional Farm, Shaheed Gundadhoor College of Agriculture & Research Station, Kumhrawand, Jagdalpur District- Bastar (Chhattisgarh). The soil of experimental site was sandy loam; it was low in organic carbon (0.41%) and available nitrogen (228.90 kg ha-1) and medium in available phosphorus (12.26 kg ha-1) and potassium (286.25 kg ha-1) and acidic in reaction (6.1 pH).The experiment was laid out in spilt plot design with four sowing dates and four varieties of wheat. Four sowing dates viz. 15th November (D1), 30th November (D2), 15th December (D3) and 30th December (D4) were applied in main plot and four varieties viz. GW- 273 (V1), Lok- 1 (V2), Sujata (V3) and Kanchan (V4) in sub-plot and replicated 3 times. The results revealed that sowing on 15th December recorded significantly higher plant height (36.39 cm) at 30 DAS whereas sowing on 30th December recorded higher plant height (90.42 cm) at 60 DAS. Sowing on 15th November recorded significantly higher plant height (103.58 cm) at 90 DAS and (104.05 cm) at harvest. Varieties Sujata recorded significantly higher plant height (34.44 cm) at 30 DAS (92.87 cm) at 60 DAS, (118.26 cm) at 90 DAS and (119.12 cm) at harvest. Sowing on 30th December recorded significantly higher number of tillers m-2 (1000) at 30 DAS, whereas sowing on 30th November recorded significantly higher number of tillers m-2 (742.5). Sowing on 15th November recorded relatively higher number of tillers m-2 (767.5) at 90 DAS and (764.83) at harvest. Varieties Sujata recorded significantly higher number of tillers (951.67), (753.75), (764.92) and (761.50) at 30 DAS, 60 DAS, 90 DAS and at harvest respectively. Sowing on 15th November recorded significantly higher duration for CRI (21.42 day), panicle emergence (62.63 day), 50% flowering (67.58 day), milking (82.67 day) and maturity stage (111.42 day). As compare to sowing on 15th November, duration of wheat crop reduces by 4 day with sown on 30th November, 11 day with sown on 15th December and 19 day with sown on 30th December. Sowing on 15th November recorded significantly higher grain yield (40.50 q ha-1), straw yield (31.98 q ha-1), gross return (Rs. ha-1 61763), net return (Rs. ha-1 35498) and B: C ratio (2.35). Varieties GW-273 recorded significantly higher grain yield (38.70 q ha-1), gross return (Rs. ha-1 59018), net return (Rs. ha-1 32903) and B: C ratio (Rs. 2.26)), whereas Sujata produced significantly higher straw yield (30.42 q ha-1).


Keywords: Sowing dates, wheat, varieties, growth, crop stages, yield, economics
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How to cite this article:

Anil Kumar Netam, Upendra Kumar Nag and Chainu Ram Netam. 2020. Growth and Yield of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties as Influenced by Different Sowing Dates under Bastar Plateau Zone of Chhattisgarh.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 2161-2169. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.264