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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 2011-2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.247


Status of Food Grain Crops, Constraints and Measures for Higher Production in Southern Odisha, India
S. P. Nanda1*, Shimantini Borkataki2 and M. Devender Reddy3
1Department of Chemistry, School of Applied Sciences, Centurion University of Technology & Management, Paralakhemundi, Odisha – 761211, India
2Department of Entomology, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, Assam, India
3M. S. Swaminathan School of Agriculture, Centurion University of Technology & Management, Paralakhemundi, Odisha – 761211, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The Southern Odisha comprising of ten districts accounts for 40 per cent of geographical area and 27 per cent (11.46 million) of the population of the state. The region receives more than 200 mm of rainfall in each month from June to September and in October it receives 121 mm rainfall. The net area sown is 1.93 million ha (36% net area of the state) out of 5.42 million ha in the state. In Southern Odisha, 23.73 lakh ha is under food grain crops which constitute 35% of food grain area in the state (67.56 lakh ha). The region contributes 34.4 lakh t of food grain out of 96.3 lakh t in the state and the region contributes 35.3% of cereal production in the state (85.74 lakh t). The fertilizer consumption in the region is less than state average consumption of 57.1 kg/ha. The net irrigated area of Southern Odisha is 6.5 lakh ha constituting 29% of the state net irrigated area (22.53 lakh ha) and 28% of gross irrigated area in Odisha. Kharif rice occupies 88% of the cereal irrigated area (5.43 lakh ha) and 78% of irrigated area in rabi out of 0.97 lakh ha of cereal irrigated area of rabi in the region. The area under irrigation is less under oil seeds and vegetables. The low crop productivity in the region is due to low soil fertility status – low in nitrogen and phosphorus, soil acidity/ salinity, imbalanced fertilizer use and micro nutrient deficiency in crops, use of traditional varieties and practices, low rate of seed replacement, indiscriminate use of pesticide and fungicide, lack of knowledge in improved farm implements. Low yield in rice is due to incidence of pest particularly BPH, stem borer and disease sheath blight and blast and poor weed and irrigation management. The strategies for improving the crop productivity include promoting use of appropriate crop varieties, improving the health of soil, more emphasis on resource conservation/ regeneration technology in land and water management, incentivization for irrigation development, land shaping, mechanization, diversification, planning for timely delivery of required production inputs, specifically quality seeds, value addition and putting in place an effective technology transfer system.


Keywords: South Odisha, Crops and cropping systems, Low crop productivity, Strategies
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How to cite this article:

Nanda, S. P., Shimantini Borkataki and Devender Reddy, M. 2020. Status of Food Grain Crops, Constraints and Measures for Higher Production in Southern Odisha, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 2011-2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.247