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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 1720-1725
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.213


Watermelon Stubble [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai] as a Substrate for Pleurotus spp. Cultivation in Mexico
Maricela Cayetano-Catarino, Teodoro Bernabé-González*, Gadiel Bernabé-Villanueva, Adalid Romero-Flores, Ana P. Laureano-Guadarrama and Jesús E. De la Cruz-Memije
Higher School of Natural Sciences, Autonomous University of Guerrero, Mexico. Biotechnology of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The cultivation of Pleurotus species occupies the second place of production worldwide after Agaricus bisporus‎ (J.E. Lange) Imbach. In Mexico, agricultural by-products have been used as a substrate in the cultivation of Pleurotus spp. So, watermelon stubble potential as a substrate in the cultivation of three Pleurotus strains, named IE-4 [P. pulmonarius (Fr.) Quél.,], IE-8 [P. ostreatus (Jacq.:Fr.) Kumm.] and IE-116 [P. djamor (Rumph.: Fr.) Boedijn], was studied. Days in the formation of first fruiting primordia, total cycle days, averages of three harvests, pileus diameter (three groups G1: 10 cm), biological efficiency (BE), production rate (PR) and yield (Y) were evaluated. First primordia were formed between 15 and 21 days after spawning with a total cycle between 33 and 48 days. G1 predominated followed by G2. IE-4 and IE-8 strains reached the highest weight of fresh mushrooms, with BE of 157.0% and 164.4%; PR of 3.7% in both; Y of 36.1% and 37.8%, followed by IE-116 strain with BE of 122.4%; PR of 3.4%; Y of 28.2%. Watermelon stubble proved to be a good substrate for the cultivation of Pleurotus species, preferably in the regions where it is discarded.


Keywords: Agricultural residues, Edible mushrooms, Mushroom cultivation, Oyster mushroom, Pleurotus, Solid fermentation
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How to cite this article:

Maricela Cayetano-Catarino, Teodoro Bernabé-González, Gadiel Bernabé-Villanueva, Adalid Romero-Flores, Ana P. Laureano-Guadarrama and Jesús E. De la Cruz-Memije. 2020. Watermelon Stubble [Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai] as a Substrate for Pleurotus spp. Cultivation in Mexico.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 1720-1725. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.213