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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 1689-1700
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.209


Evaluation of Different Grain Substrates for the Spawn Production of Pleurotus cornucopiae
R.S. Jarial1*, Arunesh K. Sharma2, Kumud Jarial1 and Savita Jandaik2
1Department of Plant Pathology, College of Horticulture and Forestry, Neri, Hamirpur (HP) - 177001, India
2Department of Plant Pathology, Dr. Y. S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Nauni, Solan (HP) -173230, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The cultivation of Pleurotus cornucopiae, the branched oyster mushroom is not very common in India but is relished for its pleasant flavour and mild taste. Grain substrates for its spawn production have not been evaluated yet but, wheat grains are commonly used for the same. So, five different grain substrates viz., wheat, barley, kodo, jowar and maize were tested, for spawn run period, mycelia growth, fruit body characters and yield of said mushroom on five different substrates. It was found that minimum time for spawn run was taken by jowar grains (7.33 days) and maximum was taken by kodo grains (16.00 days). In all the grains, type of growth ranged between fluffy to thick strand. However, during cropping, minimum time for spawn run was taken by jowar grain spawn (15.40 days) and maximum was taken by kodo grain spawn (22.26 days). Maximum number of basidioma was observed in wheat grain spawn (4.20) and minimum was observed in barley grain spawn (1.86). Fruit body characters like stipe length, fruit body length and cap diameter of P. cornucopiae was also recorded to be maximum in wheat grain spawn ((20.77 mm, 26.40 mm and 35.94 mm, respectively). Yield of P. cornucopiae was maximum (395.80 g/2kg substrates) on wheat grain spawn and minimum on kodo grain spawn (207.00 g/2kg substrates). Among the different production substrates, maximum yield was recorded on paddy straw substrate (338.20 g/2kg substrates).


Keywords: Pleurotus cornucopiae, Spawn substrates, Fruit body, Characters yield
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How to cite this article:

Jarial, R.S., Arunesh K. Sharma, Kumud Jarial and Savita Jandaik. 2020. Evaluation of Different Grain Substrates for the Spawn Production of Pleurotus cornucopiae.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 1689-1700. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.209