International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:6, June, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 1340-1345

Salinity Problem and its Management in Coastal Belt of Odisha, India
Ashok Kumar Das*, Kishore Chandra Senapati* and Shishira Kanta Behera**
Institute of Agricultural Sciences, SOA University, Odisha, India
*Corresponding author

The coastal belt of Odisha extends over 480 kilometers from mouth of Subarnarekha river in the north to the Chilika lake in the south. The plain occupies the outfall regions of major rivers like Mahanadi, Bramhani, Baitarani, Subarnarekha and Rusikulya. It covers one of the most fertile land in the eastern parts of the country and support the major food grain production in the state. But due to the proximity of sea, cyclonic hazard and saltwater ingress through tidal channels have restricted the availability of acceptable quality of water for irrigation as well as drinking. Both saline and fresh water co-exists in the system, after inter changing their position. Water logging and salinity water which destroy the production potential of coastal irrigated lands are a major threat to food security. The major options to address these problem include (i) improved irrigation management to reduce groundwater accessions (ii) evolution and introduce of salt tolerant crops. (ii) mitigation of effects of salinity through afforestation, structural measures etc.

Keywords: Salinity, Coastal plain, Water logging, Brakish water

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How to cite this article:

Ashok Kumar Das, Kishore Chandra Senapati and Shishira Kanta Behera. 2020. Salinity Problem and its Management in Coastal Belt of Odisha, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 1340-1345. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.