International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 1320-1329

Induction of Mutation in Flower Crops-A Review
K. Kayalvizhi1*, A. Ramesh Kumar1, A. Sankari2 and M. Anand3
1Horticulture and Floriculture, Central University of Tamil Nadu, Thiruvarur, Tamil Nadu, India
2Department of vegetable science, TNAU, Coimbatore, India
3Horticulture, Horticultural Research Station, Yecaud, India
*Corresponding author

Mutation is the sudden heritable change that occurred in an organism. It may be caused by spontaneous or through artificial induction and the resulted mutant shows change in the gene or chromosomes. Induced mutagenesis techniques have successfully produced and commercialized quite a large number of new promising varieties in different crops worldwide, including ornamental plants. Induced mutagenesis has been most successful in ornamental crops. The improvement achieved through mutation breeding in ornamental crops includes compact growth, attractive variegated leaves and novel flower colour and shapes. Ornamental plants with a rich variety of flower colors and shapes are highly prized, and the production of mutant cultivars that differ in these traits is in demand because all other growth habits are identical. Many species of ornamental plants, such as chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum spp.), rose (Rosa spp.), and carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus), are vegetatively propagated, making it relatively easy to propagate mutants. This review not only provides examples of successful mutation breeding results using physical and chemical mutagens, but it also describes research on mutagenesis and compares results of gamma ray, EMS and DES using ornamental plants.

Keywords: Mutation, Gamma ray, EMS, DES and Ornamental plants
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How to cite this article:

Kayalvizhi. K., A. Ramesh Kumar, A. Sankari and Anand. M. 2020. Induction of Mutation in Flower Crops - A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 1320-1329. doi: