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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 1234-1241
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.152


Combining Ability Analysis for Yield and Yield Contributing Traits in Maize (Zea mays L.) Hybrids
G. B. Bharat1*, P. B. Wadikar1, M. V. Dhuppe2 and N. R. Thakur3
1Department of Agricultural Botany, College of Agriculture, Latur, India
2Oilseed Research Station, Latur, India
3Department of Agricultural Botany, College of Agriculture, Parbhani, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Study on combining ability effects were carried out in 28 hybrids obtained by crossing 8 x 8 genotypes in half diallel fashion and parents, hybrids evaluated with standard check Maharaja in RBD with three replication during kharif2018-19 at research farm of Agriculture botany College of Agriculture, Latur for twelve traits viz., days to 50 per cent tasseling, days to 50 per cent silking, days to maturity, plant height (cm), ear length (cm), ear girth (cm), kernel row number, number of grains per row, 100-grain weight (g), fodder yield per plant (g), grain yield per plant (g) and Harvest index (%). The analysis of variance revealed that significant differences among treatments, parents, hybrids and parents v/s hybrids for all characters except days to 50 per cent tasseling and days to 50 percent silking. This validated that, considerable amount of variability among experimental material. The combining ability analysis revealed the presence of higher magnitude of SCA than GCA variance for all characters under study. The ratio of additive to dominance variance was lower than unity for all traits, indicating higher non-additive variance than additive variance. Among parents, 231-A, Hyd.19051 and Hyd.19051 was found to good general combiner for grain yield per plant. While the parent 231-A exhibited good general combining ability for majority of characters. Best specific combinations were Hyd.18227 x Hyd.08R-740-2, Hyd.19051 x Hyd.12288, Hyd.18227 x Hyd.18169 and Hyd.18063 x Hyd.18169 for grain yield per plant.


Keywords: Maize, Combining ability, GCA and SCA
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How to cite this article:

Bharat. G. B., P. B. Wadikar, M. V. Dhuppe and Thakur. N. R. 2020. Combining Ability Analysis for Yield and Yield Contributing Traits in Maize (Zea mays L.) Hybrids.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 1234-1241. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.152