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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 1158-1166
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.144


Bio Encapsulation of Bio Control Agents for Effective Management of Collar Rot (Rhizoctonia solani) in Coffee (Coffea arabica)
S. Soundara Rajan*, S. Daivasikamani and A. Manoharan
Regional Coffee Research Station, Thandigudi, Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Collar rot or damping off disease occurs on one to four month old tender coffee (Coffea Arabica) seedlings in the nursery. Sometimes, the collar rot pathogen infects coffee seeds sown on the seed beds and prevents the germination. However, the pathogen fails to establish in coffee seedlings when the stem at collar region turns brown in color and becomes harder. It is a soil inhibiting fungus with a wide host range including coffee. Collar rot disease is the most economical disease in coffee seedlings in India. The disease is caused by fungi Rhizoctonia solanai. The coffee growers apply chemical fungicides to control this pathogen. Hence development of alternatives to chemicals for the disease control is very much required. As an alternate strategy use of efficient strains of Trichoderma harzianum, Pseudomonas flurocense, Bacillus subtilis and Agrobacterium tumifaciense as bio control agents through effective formulations would be needed for proper control of collar rot in coffee. The strains were isolated and screened by antagonist activity test against R. solanai pathogen and encapsulated for field application. The efficient strains such as T. harzianum, P. flourocens, B. subtilis, and A. tumifaciense have been formulated in the form of solid, bioencapsulation for increasing the shelf life, facilitate easy application and effective control of collar rot disease. The formulated bio control agents were tested for their shelf life and field efficacy on the seedlings. The results of shelf life and disease incidence score revealed that the encapsulated formulations performed well in controlling the collar rot problem in coffee.


Keywords: Biocontrol, Trichoderma harzianum, Coffee seed priming, Rhizoctonia solanai, and bioencapsulation
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How to cite this article:

Soundara Rajan. S., S. Daivasikamani and Manoharan. A. 2020. Bio Encapsulation of Bio Control Agents for Effective Management of Collar Rot (Rhizoctonia solani) in Coffee (Coffea arabica).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 1158-1166. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.144