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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 1096-1109
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.136


Productivity, Storability and Economics of Microsprinkler Fertigation for Winter Onion (Allium cepa L.) in Semi-arid Conditions
D. D. Pawar, S. K. Dingre* and K. D. Kale
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Onion has very shallow root system that is frequently irrigated and fertilized with high fertilizer dose rates to maximize yield. Converting from furrow-fertigated to microsprinkler fertigated onion production may reduce fertilizer needs. The influence of fertigation sources and their levels, applied through microsprinkler irrigation on winter onion (Allium cepa L.) was evaluated for the years 2009-2011 under semi-arid region of India. The experiment was laid out in factorial randomized block design with nine treatments replicated thrice under microsprinkler system comprising three fertigation sources in main plots with three fertigation levels in sub plots. Fertigation by water soluble fertilizers sources improved plant height, neck thickness, polar and equatorial diameter, dry matter, bulb weight and green leaves weight. However, the differences in fertigation source urea+ urea phosphate + muriate of potash and urea+18:18:18 through microsprinkler was mostly non-significant. In fertigation levels, 100 % and 80 % recommended dose gave significantly higher values of growth and yield components than 60 % level. The marketable bulb yield decreased with decrease in level of fertigation from 100 to 60% but not decreased significantly showed potential saving of 40% fertilizer cost by use of fertigation. The bulb storage losses in microsprinkler fertigation did not differed; but was higher under when conventional fertilizer source was used. The bulb storage losses were reduced with fertigation 60 to 100%. Higher gross income, total net income, and the best benefit: cost ratio occurred with 60 and 100% microsprinkler fertigation. The treatment combination with application of 60% recommended dose of nutrients with urea+ urea phosphate + muriate of potash or urea+18:18:18 through microsprinkler in 10 weekly splits was optimum for growth, yield, storage and profit for winter onion cultivation.


Keywords: Microsprinkler, Foliar dose, Foliar fertilizer source, Storage losses, Water soluble fertilizers
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How to cite this article:

Pawar, D. D., S. K. Dingre and Kale, K. D. 2020. Productivity, Storability and Economics of Microsprinkler Fertigation for Winter Onion (Allium cepa L.) in Semi-arid Conditions.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 1096-1109. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.136