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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 1063-1072
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.132


Line × Tester Analysis in Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.): Identification of Superior Parents and Hybrids for Yield and Quality Attributing Traits
M. Manikandan1*, T. Arumugam1, N. Manivannan2, S. Harish2, T. Saraswathi2 and V. A. Sathiyamurthy2
1Department of Horticulture, PAJANCOA & RI, Karaikal, U.T. of Puducherry, India
Horticultural College and Research Institute, TNAU, Periyakulam, India
2Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Hybrid vigour is a direct property of heterozygosity and is due to superior gene content possible in a hybrid contributed by both the parents. Hybrid vigour, the phenomenon of heterosis, is the basis for improvement in crop yields achieved during 20th century in many crops. In this study, ten lines and four testers and their 40 F1 hybrids in a Line x Tester cross system, were used to estimate heterosis percentage on check hybridand observations on quantitative and qualitative traits were recorded. Considering all the cross combinations individually, the hybrid combinations that out fielded their parents for maximum number of components of merit were L8 x T1 (CA 116 x AVRDC 1127), L9 x T4 (ArkaLohit x Capsicum frutescens), L6 x T1 (KashiAnmol x AVRDC 1127) and L8 x T4 (CA 116 x Capsicum frutescens). Further, it was also found that the hybrid L1 x T2 (EC 739328 x AVPP 0716) and L6 x T4(KashiAnmol x Capsicum frutescens) were adjudged as the best crosses based on their high scores for earliness and L8 x T1 (CA 116 x AVRDC 1127) and L9 x T4 (ArkaLohit x Capsicum frutescens) were adjudged as the best crosses based on their high scores for quantitative and qualitative characters.


Keywords: Chilli, Heterosis, Line x Tester, Yield and Quality
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How to cite this article:

Manikandan. M., T. Arumugam, N. Manivannan, S. Harish, T. Saraswathi and Sathiyamurthy. V. A. 2020. Line × Tester Analysis in Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.): Identification of Superior Parents and Hybrids for Yield and Quality Attributing Traits.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 1063-1072. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.132