International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:6, June, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 961-976

Botanicals as Eco-Friendly Biorational Alternatives of Bio Insecticide against Callosobruchus Maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) Stored Pulses - A Review
K. Govindan1*, S. Geethanjali2, S. Douressamy1, M. Pandiyan3 and G. Brundha1
1Department of Crop Protection,
2Department of Crop Improvement
3Department of Plant Breeding and Genetics, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Valavachanur – 606 753, Thiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author

The presents review article has been reviewed to know the importance of different plant products (botanicals) against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) the potential insecticidal botanicals in the management in storage condition and infesting the various stored pulses such as (black gram, greengram, cowpea, Bengal gram, Mmung bean etc). Callosobruchus maculatus is one of the most serious pests brought into storage containers with harvested black gram that can cause total loss of the stored crop in a few months. The estimated post-harvest losses caused by bruchids to the pulses ranged from 30-40% within six months and when left unattended loss¬es could be up to 100 per cent. Pulse beetles, C. maculatus are the most serious pests in stored legumes in majority of tropical countries. Botanicals have been used since time immemorial for protection of stored products against common pests. They acts as repellents, antifeedants, toxicants and behave as natural grain protectants by behaving as chemosterilants/reproduction inhibitors or insect growth and development inhibitors. Attention has been given to the possible use of plant products or plant dry powders as promising alternatives to synthetic insecticides in controlling insect pests of stored products. Different botanicals and it is formulations have been reported time to time showing pronounced insecticidal activity, repellence to pest, oviposition deterrency, adult emergence inhibition, ovicidal, larvicidal, pupaecidal activity and feeding deterrency based on their contact toxicity and fumigation effects. Botanicals are biodegradable, non-residual, equally effective and easily available botanicals, cost effective and non-toxic to natural enemies. Some botanicals have also been practically proved efficacious to protect the stored food commodities from the bruchids during storage conditions. Hence, they may be recommended in food security programmes as eco-friendly and biorational alternatives of synthetic insecticides providing integrated management of the losses of stored food commodities due to infestation of bruchids.

Keywords: Pulse beetle - Callosobruchus maculatus - Plant products- eco friendly management

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How to cite this article:

Govindan. K., S. Geethanjali, S. Douressamy, M. Pandiyan and Brundha. G. 2020. Botanicals as Eco-Friendly Biorational Alternatives of Bio Insecticide against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) Stored Pulses - A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 961-976. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.