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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 712-720
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.091


Factors Influencing Adoption of Soil and Water Conservation Measures in India: Reviewing the Evidence
Dinesh Chand Meena, C.A. Rama Rao, B.L. Dhyani, Pradeep Dogra, S.K. Dubey and P.K. Mishra
1Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Research Centre, Agra (India)-282006
2Central Research Institute for Dryland Agriculture, Hyderabad (India) -500 059
3Indian Institute of Soil and Water Conservation, Dehradun (India) -248195, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In India an estimated 121 million hectare (Mha) suffers from various forms of land degradation and it has been identified as one of the most serious problems that threaten the sustainability of agriculture. Over the past decades successive development projects have promoted a variety of soil and water conservation (SWC) measures to addressing the problems of low agricultural productivity and soil degradation. However, these measures have seldom been adopted on a large scale. Social scientists have been seeking to understand the reasons for their adoption and non-adoption. This paper reviews the past studies in order to identify those socio-economic, institutional and technical factors that explain adoption or lack of it for understanding the success or failure of these SWC measures. The results showed that educational level of the household head, awareness, age, land holding size, perceptions about soil erosion, access to credit; land tenure, off-farm employment and income, information sources and extension contact significantly affect farmers' adoption decision and the extent of soil and water conservation measures. Therefore, to encourage adoption of improved conservation measures, the extension, institutional support programs and projects that promote soil and water conservation measures should have strategies which focus on enhancing the awareness and willingness of farmers along with increasing income of the farmers.


Keywords: SWC measures, Land degradation, Ecosystem, Determinants of adoption technologies, Socio-economic factors
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How to cite this article:

Dinesh Chand Meena, C.A. Rama Rao, B.L. Dhyani, Pradeep Dogra, S.K. Dubey and Mishra, P.K. 2020. Factors Influencing Adoption of Soil and Water Conservation Measures in India: Reviewing the Evidence.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 712-720. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.091