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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(6): 535-541
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.069


A Review on Infectious Bursal Disease - Major Concern in Poultry
Shashank Shekhar1* and Nirupama Dalai
1Venkey’s (India) Ltd., Bhubaneswar, Odisha, 751003, India
2Department of Veterinary Physiology, CVSc & A.H.,OUAT, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, 751003, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Infectious bursal disease is an acute and highly contagious viral disease of mostly young chickens cause by a non-envelope double stranded RNA virus belonging to a family Birnaviridae and is the second considerable threat among infectious poultry diseases. The enormous economic losses associated with the disease is due to high mortality, decreased performance, immune supression that leads to increase susceptibility to other diseases and decrease response to vaccination. The target organ of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is the bursa of fabricius at its maximum development, which is a specific source for B lymphocytes in avian species. The observed clinical signs during IBD infection include high mortality, unsteady gait, ruffled feathers, urate containing diarrhoea and sudden death. The post-mortem finding includes haemorrhages in the leg and breast muscles, enlarged, edematous and hyperaemic bursa with bloody or mucoid contents. RT-PCR/RFLP is a very useful and rapid method for characterization and identification of existing and evolving strains of IBDV. Only supportive therapy, immunobooster medicines with vaccination and maintaining bio securities may combat mortalities.


Keywords: Infectious bursal disease, Birnaviridae, Haemorrhage, B lymphocyte
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How to cite this article:

Shashank Shekhar and Nirupama Dalai. 2020. A Review on Infectious Bursal Disease - Major Concern in Poultry.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(6): 535-541. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.906.069