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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(5): 2175-2181
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.248


Effect of Cereal Grains on Spawn Development and Different Substrates on Growth and Yield of Hypsizygus ulmarius
Dheeraj Baghel*, C.S. Shukla, H.K. Singh, Praveen Banvasi and Varsha Kerketta
Department of Plant Pathology, College of Agriculture, I.G.K.V., Raipur (C.G.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Since ancient times, mushrooms have been considered as a special kind of food. Blue oyster mushroom is a novel species with very large fruit body, blue coloured pinheads becoming light white on maturity, high yielder, palatable with meaty flavour and attractive keeping quality. Different types of cereal grains i.e. maize, sorghum, bajra, wheat and paddy were taken to see their effect on spawn development and Different substrates i.e. wheat straw, paddy straw, mustard straw, sesamum straw and pigeon pea straw significantly influenced the spawn run period, pinhead initiation and yield of   H. ulmarius. Sorghum grains were found to be most suitable for spawn development of H. ulmarius, it took significantly less time (10.4 days). However, spawn development was delayed in maize (13.4 days) and wheat grains (14.6 days). The sorghum grains were fully covered by white mycelial growth and all grains were tightly intact with each other where other grains were observed mycelia growth  on all grains but they were easily disturb. Spawn run was significantly earlier found in pigeon pea straw (18.50 days). However it was significantly late noticed in paddy (21.0 days). Minimum period required for primordial initiation was significantly less in pigeon pea (2.75 days) followed by mustard (3.75days). The biological efficiency of H. ulmarius in wheat straw (98.12 %) Whereas, it was minimum with pigeon pea, mustard and sesamum straw (64.7, 66.52, 70.62% respectively).


Keywords: Mushroom, Hypsizygus ulmarius, Mycelial growth, Spawn run period, Pinhead initiation and yield and biological efficiency
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How to cite this article:

Dheeraj Baghel, C.S. Shukla, H.K. Singh, Praveen Banvasi and Varsha Kerketta. 2020. Effect of Cereal Grains on Spawn Development and Different Substrates on Growth and Yield of Hypsizygus ulmarius.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(5): 2175-2181. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.248