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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(5): 1831-1845
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.208


Pharmacognostic Studies of Selected Species of Curcuma L. a Medicinally Important Member of the Family Zingiberaceae
Jaladhar Pal1*, Kumaresh Pal2 and Nirmalya Banerjee1
1Department of Botany, Visva-Bharati, Santiniketan 731235, West Bengal, India
2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Agriculture, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundi Bari 736165, West Bengal, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Present investigation deals with the pharmacognostic studies of some medicinally important species of Curcuma L. namely Curcuma amada Roxb., Curcuma aromatica Salisb., Curcuma caesia Roxb., Curcuma longa L. and Curcuma zedoaria (Christm.) Roscoe. Distinct variation was observed during foliar epidermal micromorphology study. Epidermal cell shape was found distinctly variable though cell wall outline was found to be straight in all the selected species. Leaves of the investigated taxa were found to be amphistomatic and the stomata are of tetracytic type. Stomatal index ranges from 13.54 (Curcuma longa) to 3.25 (Curcuma zedoaria). Trichomes were found to be present on both the epidermal surfaces of all the investigated taxa except Curcuma caesia where trichomes were found to be restricted to the upper epidermal surface. Petiole outline is almost concavo- convex in T.S. and the number of vascular bundle were ranges from 57 (Curcuma longa) to 39 (Curcuma caesia). Colour of the powdered crude drug varies from colourless to bright yellow. Textures of the fresh powders were smooth and fibrous. Moisture content ranged from 8.02 % (Curcuma longa) to 14.53 (Curcuma amada). Total ash value ranged from 3.91% to 5.49%.  Microchemical colour reaction test of the ethanolic plant extracts showed the presence of important phytochemical groups like- alkaloids, flavonoids, proteins, saponins reducing sugars etc.


Keywords: Foliar micromorphology, Organoleptic study, Curcuma longa and Curcuma zedoaria
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How to cite this article:

Jaladhar Pal, Kumaresh Pal and Nirmalya Banerjee. 2020. Pharmacognostic Studies of Selected Species of Curcuma L. a Medicinally Important Member of the Family Zingiberaceae.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(5): 1831-1845. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.208