Follow
International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues

Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(5): 459-477
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.052


Comprehensive Study on Biochar and its Effect on Soil Properties: A Review
Karthik1, Syed Abul Hassan Hussainy2* and M. Rajasekar3
1Central Institute for Cotton Research, Regional Station, Coimbatore – 641 003, India
2Department of Agronomy, AC & RI, Madurai – 625 104, India
3Department of Agronomy, AC & RI, Kudumiyanmalai, Pudukottai – 622 104, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Soils in India are declining in fertility status due to higher usage of synthetic fertilizers and mono-cropping practices. To maintain the sustainability of soil and better crop production, it is essential to retain physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil through optimum level of organic matter. This article deals on the literature related to biochar, its production and characterization and its effect on soil application. The biochar application to the soil is a novel technique to improve soil fertility and thereby the soil productivity. The excess crop residues accumulated in the field after harvest can be utilized for biochar preparation along with inorganic fertilizers. Any waste material like wood chips, crop residues such as straw, husk, stover, trash and organic waste from industries can be effectively utilized for the production of biochar. Biochar from prosopis, cotton and maize which are available on-site have shown to significantly improve the soil physico-chemical parameters and thereby can be used as an alternative to other slow degrading bulky organic manures. The major cause for improvement in soil fertility on application of biochar is due to addition of organic carbon, slow release of applied nutrients through chelation effect, improved water holding capacity and porosity of soil.


Keywords: Biochar, Soil properties, Maize biochar, Cotton biochar, Prosophis biochar
Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Karthik. A., Syed Abul Hassan Hussainy and Rajasekar. M. 2020. Comprehensive Study on Biochar and its Effect on Soil Properties: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(5): 459-477. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.905.052