International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:4, April, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 476-485

Analysing the Demographic and Socio-personal Characteristics of ‘System of Wheat Intensification’ (SWI) Adopter as well as Non-adopter Farmers: A Study in Samastipur District of Bihar State, India
Samrat Sikdar*, Satya Prakash and Shweta Kumari
Department of Extension Education, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Central Agricultural University, Pusa, Samastipur, Bihar-848125, India
*Corresponding author

Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is world’s most widely cultivated food grain crop. At initial decades of 21st century, one probability of a great famine appeared in the world due to long drought in tropics and subtropics and at the same time it appeared more dangerously because of the climate change threat. System of Wheat Intensification (SWI) which is somewhat based on the fundamental principles of System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is a new wheat cultivation technique which might act as a significantly new weapon as a part of climate-smart farming. It is one of the promising technologies to increase productivity which ultimately contributes to the household level food security of rural marginal farmers. The present study was conducted in Samastipur district of Bihar state in India. 4 panchayats were selected from 2 blocks of Samastipur based on assumption that these blocks have the largest number of adopters of SWI technology. The total number of respondents (beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries) selected for the study was 60. Frequency, percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviations were used as the statistical tools to analyse some demographic as well as socio-personal features of the adopters as well as non-adopters of SWI technique. Majority of the adopters (50%) belong to young age group whereas majority of the non-adopters (40%) belong to old age group. Level of education and annual family income of both the categories were studied also. Most of the adopter farmers (70%) belong to small and marginal category on the basis of their land holdings but maximum non-adopters (50%) belong to the medium category. Majority of the adopters (50%) are the member of one social organisation, but majority of non-adopters (56.67%) are not the member of any organization. Besides, it was found that adopters were using more cosmopolite sources of information (agricultural coordinator, block officials, scientists etc.) than the non-adopters. Even 50 percent adopters most often utilized T.V. as the mass media followed by newspapers and among non-adopters, only 30 percent respondents most often utilized T.V. as the mass media for information seeking.

Keywords: SWI, Adopter, Non-adopter, Demographic, Social

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How to cite this article:

Samrat Sikdar, Satya Prakash and Shweta Kumari. 2020. Analysing the Demographic and Socio-personal Characteristics of ‘System of Wheat Intensification’ (SWI) Adopter as well as Non-adopter Farmers: A Study in Samastipur District of Bihar State, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 476-485. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.