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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(4): 105-115
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.014


Studies on Effect of Heterosis on Fruit Characters and Yield in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.)
Bajrang Kumar*, Anand Kumar Singh, Prachi Pattnaik, Diksha Mishra,
Ashutosh Kumar and Akhilesh Kumar Pal
Department of Horticulture, Institute of Agricultural Science, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present investigation was conducted at the Vegetables Research Farm, Department of Horticulture, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, duringKharif season of 2017 and 2018to determine heterosis in 28 crosses developed from 7 lines and 4 testers of bitter gourd. The testers used were BGCV-2, OBGCS-2, Shaktigopal Local, OBGCS-1 while Pusa Do Mausami was used as check. Most of the crosses manifested significant heterosis for many of the horticultural traits. From the study, it was observed in case of traits like fruit length and fruit girth, the cross Jaunpuri Green × OBGCS-1 exhibited highly significant and positive heterosis over mid parent, better parent as well as standard check. Also the top three performing hybrids which recorded higher value of mean as well as high percentage of heterosis were Meghna × BGCV-2, Meghna × OBGCS-2 and Katheri × OBGCS-2 in case of total soluble solid. The cross combinations Katheri × BGCV-2, Katheri × OBGCS-1 and Katheri × OBGCS-2 was found to be best which expressed significant positive heterosis over mid parent (50.52, 31.62 and 27.06 %), better parent (37.99, 18.03 and 15.86 %) and standard parent (47.98, 26.57 and 24.24 %) respectively for total fruit yield.


Keywords: Vegetables, Traits, Mean, Heterosis, Yield
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How to cite this article:

Bajrang Kumar, Anand Kumar Singh, Prachi Pattnaik, Diksha Mishra, Ashutosh Kumar and Akhilesh Kumar Pal. 2020. Studies on Effect of Heterosis on Fruit Characters and Yield in Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(4): 105-115. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.904.014