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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(3): 2243-2255
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.903.255


An Insight into the Sustainability of Livestock Farming with Respect to Feed Resource Availability in a Microcosmic Land: A Case Study of Nellore District, India
D. Karthik1*, Y. Pradeep Kumar Reddy2, G. Gangaraju3, J. Suresh4 and D. Venkata Praneeth5,6
1Veterinary Dispensary, Dakkili, Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh, India
2Centre for Continuing Veterinary Education and Communication, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
3ICAR, Livestock Research Station, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Palamaner, Andhra Pradesh, India
4Centre for Continuing Veterinary Education and Communication, College of Veterinary Science, Sri Venkateswara Veterinary University, Tirupati, Andhra Pradesh, India
5Veterinary Dispensary, Veldurthy, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India
6CAR-CTRI-Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Kandukur, Prakasam District, Andhra Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An assessment of Livestock and poultry feed resource availability was done based on secondary data inNellore district of AndhraPradesh state. Among the large ruminants, buffalo population was highest compared to total cattle population. Sheep outnumbered goats with 3:1 ratio. Similarly, the total population of broilers was higher than layers with 2:1 ratio. The region possess overall DM availability of 7.61 million tonnes (Mt) from various feed resources. Major portion (44.3%) of the green DM forage availability is contributed from the gross cropped area in the district followed by forest area. Crop residues contributed to 88.5% of total DM supply for livestock in the region. Straw from paddy and maize followed by sugarcane crop are the major cereal straws available in the region. The contribution of the concentrates towards the overall DM availability of the region is 6.31%. The DM availability per RLU/day for the region as a whole is 7.61 kg. The study revealed that there was a surplus DM in Nellore district (108.75). The percentage availability of dry matter, green forages, dry forages, and concentrates per RLU for the region are 108.75, 37.76, 158.4, and 49.6, respectively. Scarce concentrate availability in the region depicts heavy demand of concentrates for poultry, owing to the presence of higher poultry population in the region. Thus, it could be concluded that there was a severe shortage of concentrates to meet the requirements of livestock and poultry. Although the region is self-sufficient in terms of dry forage availability, majority of dry forages are nutritionally poor cereal straws. Hence, suitable strategies should be developed for the efficient utilization of existing feed and fodder resources to improve animal productivity in this region.


Keywords: Feed resources, Livestock resources, Dry matter availability, Nellore district, Andhra Pradesh,
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How to cite this article:

Karthik. D., Y. Pradeep Kumar Reddy, G. Gangaraju, J. Suresh and Venkata Praneeth. D. 2020. An Insight into the Sustainability of Livestock Farming with Respect to Feed Resource Availability in a Microcosmic Land: A Case Study of Nellore District India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(3): 2243-2255. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.903.255