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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(3): 501-507
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.903.058


Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Strongyles of Goats in Mid Himalayas of Uttarakhand, India
Sankar1*, Vaishali2, M. Silamparasan1, V. Prasanth1, G. Siddharth1,Ajayta1, Naincy Singh1, H. Agri1, V. Rai3 and S. Daria3
1Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Mukteswar, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India
 2LUVASU, Hissar, India
3Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, Uttarpradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) in ruminants are one of the major impediments in livestock production and causes enormous economic losses. Accurate identification of GIN is essential for studying epidemiology and envisage control programme. The present study describes the generic composition of strongyle affecting goats of mid Himalayan Uttarakhand by polymerase chain reaction based restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). The faecal samples (N=2231) of goats were collected from different places of Uttarakhand over the period of three years (2016-2018) and screened for strongyle infection by salt floatation. The positive samples were pooled subjected for larval culture. The infective third stage larva obtained from the culture were used for PCR-RFLP using RsaI restriction enzyme on β-tubulin isotype-I gene. The floatation results were indicated that the strongyle infection was present throughout year and the intensity of infection was moderate to severe from mid rainy season to autumn (Mid July to October). The prevalence of GIN infection was 95.78% (2137/2231) and egg per gram was 1982±452. The PCR-RFLP clearly differentiated three common strongyle species of goats such as Haemonchus controtus, Teladorsagia circumcincta and Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Based on PCR-RFLP, the predominant stronglye infections are H.contortus and T. circumcincta in high altitude of Uttarakhand. The results obtained in the present study suggest that the GIN infection is common among goats of mid Himalayan region of Uttarakhand and further it enlighten on timely intervention before the development of clinical disease.


Keywords: β-tubulin isotype-1, Goats, PCR-RFLP, Trichostrongyles
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How to cite this article:

Sankar. M, Vaishali, M. Silamparasan, V. Prasanth, G. Siddharth, Ajayta, Naincy Singh, H. Agri, V. Rai and Daria. S. 2020. Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Strongyles of Goats in Mid Himalayas of Uttarakhand, India. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(3): 501-507. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.903.058