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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017) [Effective from January 1, 2017]For more details click here
Indexed in



National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2017)
[Effective from January 1, 2017]
For more details click here

ICV 2016: 92.3
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2016 - IJCMAS--ICV 2016: 92.3
For more details click here
journals IJCMAS
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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2015: 85.95
NAAS RATING 2017: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(3): 266-275
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.029


Studies on Emasculation and Pollination in Underutilized Legume-Bambara Groundnut- (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.)
Kailash Chandra1*, R. Nandini2, R. Gobu1, Pranesh3 and Chitti Bharat Kumar4
1Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi-221005, India
2GKVK Campus, University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru-560065, India
3Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, University of Agricultural Sciences,Bengaluru-560065, India
4Indian Cardamom Research Institute, Mailadumpara, Kerala- 685554, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Understanding ancillary traits related to flower biology is crucial to understand the appropriate time for emasculation and pollination in order to achieve a successful cross to develop hybrids with high yield and other economically important traits. Being an under-utilized crop, it has not received all the attention as received for other pulses, hence an investigation was carried out at University of Agricultural Sciences Bengaluru in kharif season of 2015 for the first time in India to study to standardize the time of emasculation and pollination of different varieties and mutants of variety SB-42. From this study, it was observed that the average interval between flower bud initiation and anthesis days was 4.75 days. Therefore flower buds intended for hybridization should be 2 days old from bud initiation. Pollination timing for making cross will play an important role in seed set so with this view pollen viability and stigma receptivity has been studied and found that best time for making cross is 1 a.m. to 3 a.m. The results of the present investigation explored the opportunities of utilizing information in order to develop hybrids with multiple desired characters.


Keywords: Flower biology, Pollen viability, Stigma receptivity, Emasculation, Anthesis.
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How to cite this article:

Kailash Chandra, R. Nandini, R. Gobu, Pranesh and Chitti Bharat Kumar. 2017. Studies on Emasculation and Pollination in Underutilized Legume-Bambara Groundnut- (Vigna subterranea (L.)Verdc.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(3): 266-275. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.603.029