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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(2): 1205-1211
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.142


Bacteriology and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Urinary Tract Infection in a Tertiary Care Centre
Sarada Dasari*, H. Ravi Chandra Prakash and C. Surya Kumari
Department of Microbiology, Viswabharathi medical college, Kurnool, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Urinary tract infection is one of the most common bacterial infections especially in developing countries. It shows lot of regional variation in causative pathogens and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. Hence requires regular regionwise surveillance. Urine samples received at microbiology laboratory from patients with symptomatology of urinary tract infection were included in the study. All the samples were processed according to standard protocol, identification and antibiotic susceptibility testing was done. Antibiotics tested were ampicillin, cotrimoxazole, amikacin, gentamicin, piperacillin-tazobactum, ciprofloxacin, imipenem, meropenem, nitrofurantoin, ceftriaxone, cefepime and cefaperazone-sulbactum. Prevalence of urinary tract infection was found to be 33%.female preponderance of 56.08% was seen over males 43.91%. Patients in the age group of 40-60 years (34.96%) were found to be more affected. Escherichia coli was the predominant bacteria isolated (42.22%).Antibiotic susceptibility profile exhibited least resistance to imipenem, meropenem, nitrofurantoin and amikacin by gram negative bacteria. Gram positive bacteria showed least resistance to vancomycin and linezolid. Treatment to urinary tract infection is usually started empirically. knowledge of susceptibility pattern of common pathogens isolated in this area can guide the physician and help in limiting the antibiotic resistance.


Keywords: Urinary tract infection, Antibiotic susceptibility testing, Antibiotic resistance
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How to cite this article:

Sarada Dasari, H. Ravi Chandra Prakash and Surya Kumari, C. 2020. Bacteriology and Antibiotic Susceptibility Pattern of Urinary Tract Infection in a Tertiary Care Centre.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(2): 1205-1211. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.902.142