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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2018 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(2): 1876-1883
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.602.212


Biochar for Enhancing Agricultural Sustainability under Climate Change
Rohitash Bajiya1, Hansa Lakhran2, Sandeep Kumar3 and Seema4*
1Department of Agronomy, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Pusa Campus, New Delhi – 110012, India 2S. K. N. Agriculture University, Jobner, Jaipur, Rajasthan-303329, India 3Choudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar-125004, India 4Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi - 221005, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Biochar is essentially fine-grained charcoal applied to soils, which is being promoted primarily for climate change mitigation and for raising soil fertility. Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing our globalized world today. The poor population in developing countries will be particularly affected by global warming, of which developed countries are the major drivers. Science clearly indicates that a global temperature rise of 2°C above pre-industrial levels may change the face of the world irreversibly. A range of mitigation solutions is needed to avoid exceeding the 2°C limit. The need for truly sustainable agriculture and climate-friendly development is clear. A glance at global mitigation potentials shows that changes in agriculture and land use by using biochar, “climate friendly” agricultural solution. Biochar is a charred carbon-enriched material intended to be used as a soil amendment to sequester carbon and enhance soil quality. Sustainable biochar is produced from waste biomass using modern thermo-chemical technologies. Addition of sustainable biochar to soil has many environmental and agricultural benefits, including waste reduction, energy production, carbon sequestration, water resource protection, and soil improvement. Therefore, the use of sustainable biochar as a soil amendment is an innovative and highly promising practice for sustainable agriculture under climate change.


Keywords: Biochar, Climate change and sustainable agriculture
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How to cite this article:

Rohitash Bajiya, Hansa Lakhran, Sandeep Kumar and Seema. 2017. Biochar for Enhancing Agricultural Sustainability under Climate Change.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(2): 1876-1883. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.602.212