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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(2): 661-683
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.502.074


Amazing Multiple Function Properties of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria in the Rhizosphere Soil
Sureshbabu1*, N. Amaresan2 and K. Kumar3
1Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Regional Station, Nilgiris, India

2C.G. Bhakta Institute of Biotechnology, Uka Tarsadia University,
Bardoli, Surat 394 350, Gujarat, India

3Division of Field Crops, Central Agricultural Research Institute, Port Blair, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Plant–bacterial interactions in the rhizosphere are the determinants of plant health and soil fertility. These are associated with the rhizosphere, which is an important soil ecological environment for plant–microbe interactions. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) are considered to promote plant growth directly or indirectly. PGPR can exhibit a variety of characteristics responsible for influencing plant growth. The exact mechanisms by which PGPR promote plant growth are not fully understood, but are thought to include (i) the ability to produce or change the concentration of plant growth regulators like indoleacetic acid, gibberellic acid, cytokinins and ethylene (Arshad and Frankenberger, 1993; Glick, 1995), (ii) asymbiotic N2 fixation (Boddey and Dobereiner, 1995), (iii) antagonism against phytopathogenic microorganisms by production of siderophores (Scher and Baker, 1982), antibiotics (Shanahan et al., 1992) and cyanide (Flaishman et al., 1996), (iv) solubilization of mineral phosphates and other nutrients (De-Freitas et al., 1997; Gaur, 1990). Another mechanism by which PGPR can inhibit fungal cell wall degrading enzymes, e.g., chitinase and ß-1,3-glucanase.Biological control of soil-borne plant pathogens and the synthesis of antibiotics have also been reported in several bacterial species. This review begins with describing how the bacteria help plant directly and indirecty to producing hydohytic enzyme, hormone, cyanide and sidrophore.


Keywords: Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, Siderophore, Phosphate solubilizing bacteria, Indole acetic acid.
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How to cite this article:

Sureshbabu, K., N. Amaresan and Kumar, K. 2016. Amazing Multiple Function Properties of Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria in the Rhizosphere Soil.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(2): 661-683. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2016.502.074