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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(1): 616-623
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.901.067


Women’s Water Security: A Gender Perspective
Daneshwari Malladadavar* and R. S. Poddar
Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad – 580 005, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A Research study was conducted to know the water security issues including women. Since, in the changing security meanings of the 21 century, 'security' as a concept took different inferences. This water insecurity made women to suffer from many ideological concepts, lose human capital and girl child to lose their formal education. To know this water insecurity Water Insecurity Index was calculated using secondary data and other water security parameters were analyzed using primary data. Study revealed that in Dharwad district highest water insecurity was reported in Khalaghatagi taluk (0.65) which was facing more vulnerability with respect to women’s water insecurity and lowest in Dharwadtaluk (0.34) similarly highest insecurity in Belagavi district was reported in Chikkoditaluk (0.60). The study also revealed that about 90.8 per cent women were involved in water collection responsibilities, total time spent by a household for water collection in a week was about 14 hours and about 61 per cent respondents opined that quality of water was poor in summer. Insecurity index among women heightened that women face problem regarding water collection and management. As study identified vulnerable taluks in both district, suitable climate adoption measures should be developed and implemented. Only 29 percent of sample respondents’ accessed drinking water from Governments clean drinking water unit as it was far from home and they did not have awareness regarding importance of clean water. The study has revealed growing water scarcity and increasing women’s vulnerability. To overcome these situations and build up women’s water security and strengthen vulnerability it is recommended to organize water literacy campaign to educate stake holders with focus on women.


Keywords: Water security, Women vulnerability, Water insecurity index
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How to cite this article:

Daneshwari Malladadavar and R. S. Poddar. 2020. Women’s Water Security: A Gender Perspective.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(1): 616-623. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.901.067