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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
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Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 2857-2865
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.333


Effect of Fertilizer Application and Spacing on the Growth and Yield of Taro [Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott.]
Deepa Bhatt*, Karan Vir Singh, A.K. Barholia and Devendra Vishvkarma
Department of Horticulture, Rajimata Vijayaraje Scindia Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, College of Agriculture, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh -474 002, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

An investigation was carried out to see the effect of fertilizer and spacing on the growth and yield of taro at research field of Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, RVSKVV, Gwalior during two consecutive kharif seasons of 2017 and 2018. Three levels of fertilizer dose viz., F1 = full FYM (10t/ha.) + recommended dose of NPK (80:60:60 kg/ha), F2 = full FYM (10t/ha.) +75% of recommended dose of NPK (60:45:45 kg/ha), F3 = full FYM (10t/ha.) +125% of recommended dose of NPK (100:75:75 kg/ha) and three levels of spacing viz., 0.60m x 0.30m, 0.60m x 0.45m and 0.60m x 0.60m were used as treatment variables. The experiments were laid out in factorial randomized block design with three replications. The growth attributes of taro viz., plant height, number of leaves per plant, petiole length, number of petioles per plant, and number of side shoots per plant were significantly increased by the application of F3 [full FYM (10 t/ha) + 125% recommended dose of NPK (100:75:75 kg/ha)]. The yield attribute and yield of taro viz., number of corms per plant, number of cormels per plant, cormel length, cormel diameter, average corm weight and yield per plant and yield per hectare were significantly increased by the application of  F3 [full FYM (10 t/ha) + 125% recommended dose of NPK (100:75:75 kg/ha)]. Plant spacing showed positive influences on the height of plant, number of leaves per plant, petiole length, number of petioles per plant, number of side shoots per plant, number of corms per plant, number of cormel per plant, cormel length, cormel diameter, average corm weight, average cormel weight, yield per plant and yield per hectare. The highest yield (7.98 t/ha and 7.92 t/ha) was obtained from the fertilizer application of F3, respectively in both the year 2017 and 2018. Yield per hectare was increased with the lower plant spacing up to 0.60m x 0.30m. The highest yield (9.06 t/ha 8.94 t/ha) was obtained from the spacing of 0.60m x 0.30m, respectively in both the year 2017 and 2018.


Keywords: Fertilizer,Spacing,Growth,Yield, Taro
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How to cite this article:

Deepa Bhatt, Karan Vir Singh, A.K. Barholia and Devendra Vishvkarma. 2019. Effect of Fertilizer Application and Spacing on the Growth and Yield of Taro [Colocasia esculenta (L.)Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 2857-2865. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.333