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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2019)
[Effective from January 1, 2019]
For more details click here

ICV 2018: 95.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2017 - IJCMAS--ICV 2018: 95.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2017: 100.00
NAAS RATING 2018: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(12): 2812-2820
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.329


Nitrogen Recovery and Reproductive Performance of Eisenia fetida through Composting of Biowastes under Himalayan Ecosystem
Tahir Sheikh1, Zahoor Baba2, Raies Bhat1, Waseem Raja1, M. Anwar Bhat1, Ansar ul Haq1, Khursheed Dar1 and Mudasir Nazir1
1Division of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Wadura
2Division of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Wadura
Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir-India, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

This study examines the potential of indigenous Eisenia fetida in the conversion of pre-composted substrate mixtures of cow dung, chinar leaves (Platanus orientalis), paper and kitchen waste and quantification of nitrogen recovery from the waste combinations through economical methodology. The experiment was conducted at Mountain Livestock Research Institute, Manasbal, Kashmir. The treatments consisted of four pre-decomposed biowaste substrate combinations of cow dung, chinar leaves, paper waste and kitchen with different ratios. Locally found Eisenia fetida were inoculated with 35-days-oldworms. Kjeldahl method was applied in determination of total N percentage after digestion of biowastes samples. Vermicastings produced from T5 (cow dung, kitchen waste and chinar leaves 2:1:1), T1 (cow dung and chinar leaves in the ratio of 3:1), and T2 (cow dung, paper waste 3:1) recorded an increase in nitrogen by 40.86 %, 35.77 % and 28.57 % respectively at 90 days after stocking.  Maximum gain in earthworm number and highest growth rate was significantly higher in T5 (93.80%), followed by T1 (85.20) at 90 days after stocking. The waste-to-nutrients when set up with such consideration, can effectively bridge the gap between waste recycling, composting and landfilling, for tackling the increasing problems of waste disposal in the urban areas, in an environmentally friendly manner, besides augmenting recycling of nitrogen for agricultural use.


Keywords: Biowastes, Eisenia fetida, Nitrogen recovery
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How to cite this article:

Tahir Sheikh, Zahoor Baba, Raies Bhat, Waseem Raja, M. Anwar Bhat, Ansar ul Haq, Khursheed Dar and Mudasir Nazir. 2019. Nitrogen Recovery and Reproductive Performance of Eisenia fetida through Composting of Biowastes under Himalayan Ecosystem.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(12): 2812-2820. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2019.812.329